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Scaling up intervention model of NCD prevention in south east asia.
Indonesia (CIMSA-SIMKI) - Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta
Public Health Departement, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Kentingan, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia
Ratih Puspita Febrinasari, dr., M.Sc
Ratih Puspita Febrinasari, dr., M.Sc
Type of Research Project
- Global Action Project (GAP)
What is the background of the project?
Non-communicable disease is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another. NCDs may be chronic or acute. NCDs are the leading cause of death globally. Based on data from WHO that hows there are around 58 million people who died in total and around 35 million of them deaths caused by non-communicable disease. In 2012, they caused 68% of all deaths up from 60% in 2000. Increased non-communicable diseases in the world, especially hypertension and diabetic. Risk factors such as a person’s background ; lifestyle and environment are known to increase the likelihood of certain non-communicable diseases. So it is necessary to increase prevention and control efforts that are currently being carried out.
What is the aim of the project?
Scaling up generally refers to the process by which researchers and educators initially implement interventions on a small scale, validate them, and then implement them more widely in real-world conditions (Odom, 2009). Scaling up non communicable diseases include diabetic and hypertension. To increase prevention and control effort to hypertension and diabetic include what work, what is best value for money, and what can be scaled up to national level.
What techniques and methods are used?
This research project method use cohort study. Cohort study is an observational study that studies the relationship between exposure and disease by selecting two or more study groups based on exposure status then followed up (up to) for a certain period so that it can be identified and calculated the magnitude of disease events. Step 1 : the project will use a prospective study, where is the retrospective study alredy done. A prospective study watches for outcomes, such as the development of a disease, during the study period and relates this to other factors such as suspected risk or protection factors. The student will collecting data by ask the question in the questionnaire to partisipant Step 2 : make a model for scaling up NCD (hypotension and diabetic) including the intervention. This project will create an application for facilitate these activities
What is the role of the student?
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
In this project, incoming students will act as project assistants. The task of a project assistant involves literature searching for the making of guidelines, booklets, and cadre training preparation. They are expected to know the basics about NCDs. Therefore, the project tutor will give a lecture about NCDs beforehand. After that, students will be involved in the development of questionnaire and guideline and also help to collect data, though not all participants can be asked by foreign students due to language barrier. Students will also be observing the community cadre training by the project tutor. Afterwards, they are expected to be able to process and analyze data using Stata (a statistic software program). Other than collecting data through questionnaires and history taking, this research project also measures blood pressure, blood glucose levels, abdominal circumference, and upper arm circumference, which will also be done by incoming students. During the week, students are expected to make presentations related to the results of data collection in that week.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Before starting the project, the tutor will provide lectures and a briefing about the project.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Students can conduct a literature search to develop guidelines, booklets, and preparation of cadres training. They are expected to know the basics about NCDs, develop questionnaires and guidelines, and help collect data for this project. Students must understand process and analyze data using Stata (statistical software program).
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months) - Pre-Medical students from the American-British system
- Wickramasinghe K; Wilkins E; Foster C; Fadhil I; Hammerich A; Slama S et al. The development of national multisectoral action plans for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases: experiences of national-level stakeholders in four countries. Global Health Action. 2018;11(1):1532632.
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