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[Quintana Roo] Neurophysiological correlates about the risk of alcoholism incidence and suicide in medical students
Mexico (AMMEF) - Universidad de Quintana Roo, Quintana Roo
Departamento Ciencias de la Medicina. Avda. Erick Paolo Martínez, s/n, esq. Avda. 4 de Marzo. Colonia Magisterial. CP 77039. Chetumal, Quintana Roo, México.
Dr. Med. Luis Nuñez Jaramillo.
Dr. Med. Luis Nuñez Jaramillo.
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project with Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Alcohol is a psychoactive substance with abuse rates among the five top risk factors for disease, disability and death worldwide. The Alcohol Use Disorder has a big impact in a social level, mental and biological; Like another psychiatric condition has a big impact in the Central Nervous System (CNS) activity generating disorders in patients. We can observe that the Alcohol Use Disorder generate disorder depressant in the patients vulnerable, being medical students the study population. The knowing of the alterations in CNS associated with the Alcohol Use Disorder, will give us a better compression about neurophysiological bases of these conditions and a better medical treatment with the patients.
What is the aim of the project?
Determine the variation in cerebral electrical activity associated to psychiatric conditions in relation with neurophysiological correlates of the Alcohol Use Disorder and another psychiatric conditions.
What techniques and methods are used?
1. Performing a quantitative electroencephalographic analysis of delta, theta, alpha and beta absolute power, relative power and mean frequency in patients with the Alcohol Use Disorder or subjects with risk of alcohol dependence. 2. Apply a visual memory test to the patients for determining their attention and memory; Analyze the data through observation and contrast with the regular data (previously obtained from: Hazardous alcohol consumption and risk of alcohol dependence present different neurophysiological correlates).
What is the role of the student?
- The student will mainly observe
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
Analysis of risk factors present in medical students, as well as their impact on their environment and academic performance through observation and the previous reading of the article: Hazardous alcohol consumption and risk of alcohol dependence present different neurophysiological correlates provided by the tutor, making a database with the assistance of the tutor about the correlation between alcohol dependence and academic performance. An abstract with the correlation between the alcohol dependence and suicide with the statistical database provided by the tutor. Interpretation of the results with the assistance of the tutor after he does the quantitative electroencephalographic analysis of delta, theta, alpha and beta absolute power, relative power and mean frequency in the patients.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation - The student will prepare a scientific report - The student’s name will be mentioned in a future publication - The student will have the opportunity to present the results together with the supervisor at a conference
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Written English, reading, note-taking, essay writing, motivation, independent learning.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months) - Pre-Medical students from the American-British system - Students in biomedical fields - Dental medicine students (IADS members)
- Hazardous alcohol consumption and risk of alcohol dependence present different neurophysiological correlates. Herrera-Morales WV; Ramírez- Lugo L; Santiago-Rodríguez E; Reyes-López JV; Núñez-Jaramillo L. Hazardous alcohol consumption and risk of alcohol dependence present different neurophysiological correlates. Rev Neurol 2019; 68: 137-46.
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