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Adherence and compliance to poly-pharmacy among patients with type two Diabetes mellitus in Sulaymaniyah.
Iraq (IFMSA-Kurdistan) - University Of Sulaymaniyah College of Medicine, Sulaymaniyah
adult nursing department
pro.mohammed Omar mohammed
pro.mohammed Omar mohammed
Required:English Accepted :Arabic
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project with Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Polypharmacy is the concurrent use of multiple medications by a patient. Polypharmacy is most common in the elderly, affecting about 40% of older adults living in their own homes .Poly-pharmacy is a major health problem, particularly in chronic disorders world wide, compliance of the patients is of paramount importance that effect the course of the disease, compilations and outcomes. There are many factors that influence patients compliance such as age, level of education, physical and mental status of the patients, nature of the disease, family support and the health system.
What is the aim of the project?
1. To study the demographic status of the patients with type two Diabetes mellitus in Sulaymaniyah. 2. Evaluate number and type of the medications consumed by the patients. 3. Analyzing of the Factors that effect the patients compliance to drugs
What techniques and methods are used?
Direct interview with the patients using a questionnaire, by Identifying the goals of your questionnaire, the questionnaire should aim to gather complete and accurate information, by: 1. What kind of information do you want to gather with your questionnaire? Questionnaires are also sharply limited by the fact that respondents must be able to read the questions and respond to them. 2. Choose your question type or types, like Open-ended questions, Closed-ended questions, Rating questions, Likert scale questions, Multiple choice questions and Picture choice questions, etc. 3. Develop questions for your questionnaire. By, Using Simple, Direct Language. Avoid complicated words, and words that could have multiple meanings, Be Specific, Break Down Big Ideas into Multiple Questions, Ask One Thing per Question and Use More Interval Questions. 4.Identify your target demographic. 5.Ensure you can protect privacy. And using specific lab equipment necessary to analyze and evaluate data gained from the questionnaire by using spectrometers, chromatographs, titrators, spectrometers.The questionnaires must be designed in a way that answers to questions are scored and scores summed to obtain an overall measure of the attitudes and opinions of the respondent.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- If the project includes “lab work”
- the student will take active part in the practical aspect of the project
- If the project is clinical
- the student will take active part in the clinical examination
- If the project is clinical
- the student will be allowed to work with patients
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
A: Recording patients information and history taking from patients, the general framework for history taking is as follows: -Presenting complaint. -History of presenting complaint, including investigations, treatment and referrals already arranged and provided. -Past medical history: significant past diseases/illnesses; surgery, including complications; trauma. B: Anthropometric measurements, core elements of anthropometry are height, weight, body mass index (BMI), body circumferences. C: Data analysis and evaluation: * Observation: Observation is the process in which one or more persons observe what is occurring in some real life situation and they classify and record pertinent happenings according to some planned schemes. * Interview: Instead of writing the response, the interviewee or subject gives the needed information verbally in a face-to-face relationship. * Questionnaire: A questionnaire consists of a set of questions printed or typed in a systematic order on a form or set of forms. * Case Study Method: emphasizes the total situation or combination of factors, the description of the process or consequences of events in which behaviour occurs, the study of individual behaviour in its total setting and the analysis and comparison of cases leading to formulation of hypothesis. D: Patients education: It is important for building patients' knowledge, understanding, and preparedness for self-management.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation - The student will prepare a scientific report - The student’s name will be mentioned in a future publication - The student will have the opportunity to present the results together with the supervisor at a conference
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
clinical skills: history-taking, physical examination, clinical investigations, using diagnostic reasoning, procedural perfection, effective communication, team work and professionalism
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months) - Pre-Medical students from the American-British system
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- Giordani MA; Colicchio TCM; Ascêncio SD; de Oliveira Martins DT; Balogun SO; Bieski IGC; et al. Hydroethanolic extract of the inner stem bark of Cedrela odorata has low toxicity and reduces hyperglycemia-induced by an overload of sucrose and glucose. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2015;162:352-361
- Narendhirakannan R; Subramanian S; Kandaswamy M. Mineral content of some medicinal plants used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Biological Trace Element Research. 2005;103(2):109-115
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