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Nutritional status of under five children - A community based cross sectional study
India (MSAI) - Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College/KLE University, Belagavi
Global Health and Neglected Diseases
Type of Research Project
- Basic science
What is the background of the project?
Nutrition is a key determinant of good health and is critical for survival, good quality of life and well-being. Adequate nutrition is essential in early childhood to ensure healthy growth, proper organ formation and function, a strong immune system, and neurological and cognitive development. Child malnutrition impacts cognitive function and contributes to poverty through impeding individuals’ ability to lead productive lives. Despite having a nutritional programme Integrated child development services which provides food to children in anganawadi (play courtyard) malnutrition is high in India. The prevalence of stunting among under five is 48% and wasting is 19.8% and with an underweight prevalence of 42.5%. Accurate assessment of nutritional status is indispensable to planning, implementation and evaluation of nutrition interventions. So the present study to assess nutritional status of under-fives is planned.
What is the aim of the project?
1) To assess prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting among under-five children 2) To study factors associated with underweight, stunting and wasting among under-five children.
What techniques and methods are used?
Data will be collected using a semi structured and pre-designed questionnaire schedule by personal interview method. Written informed consent will be obtained prior to the study which will be signed by the mothers and interviewer. For identification and initial contact, the help of medical social worker and anganwadi workers will be obtained to minimize the non-response. Children with length/Height-for-age below -2 standard deviations (SD) of the WHO standards will be labelled as stunted and children with weight-for-age below -2 standard deviations (SD) of the WHO standards will be identified as underweight. Weight-for-height of below -3 standard deviations (SD) of the WHO standards will be used to identify infants and children as having sever acute malnutrition (SAM) and weight-for-height between -2 and -3 standard deviations (SD) of the WHO standards will be used to identify infants and children as having moderate acute malnutrition (MAM).
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
Student has to prepare the questionnaire which will be taught to them in scientific way. Review of literature, Data collection and analysis and writing final report. Students will be visiting Anganwadi where the underfive children get their nonformal education. The students will be examining the children themselves and assess their nutritional status. Students will be taught to prepare the questionnaire for the same. Final draft with analysis will be written. If student is interested article for publication will be prepared.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Preliminary teaching and field visit to anganwadi ( where free nutrition and non formal education is provided to children) to know its functioning and nutritional programme implementation . Student will be oriented to ICDS( integrated child development ) following which the student will be oriented to anganwadi’s for 3-4 hours for 2 days. The next 10 days will require the student to spend 4 hrs a day collecting data. The following 10 days will require them to monitor nutritional data of the children.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a scientific report - The student’s name will be mentioned in a future publication
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
To Know English and Usage of Computers
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months)
- USAID India. Factsheet on Child and Maternal Nutrition in India. Available at: http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/Pnadm627.pdf Assessed on 12th January 2017.
- Training course on child growth assessment: WHO child growth standards; A-introduction:9. Available from: URL: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/ 2008/9789241595070_A_eng.pdf Assessed on 7 January 2017.
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