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Preparations and Maintenance of Anatomical Parts and Plastic Anatomical Reproductions of the Disciplines of Human Anatomy of the Campus Governador Valadares
Brazil (IFMSA-Brazil) - Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora - Campus Governador Valadares (UFJF-GV), Governador Valadares
Biological Sciences Institute
Federal University of Juiz de Fora,
Kennedy Martinez de Oliveira, Carlos Alberto Carranza Lopez, Severino Denicio Gonçalves de Sousa, Valerio Landim de Almeida
Spanish or Portuguese.
Type of Research Project
- Basic science
What is the background of the project?
The preparation and maintenance of anatomical pieces are fundamental to the practice of Human Anatomy - it establishes its knowledge and establishes its natural use in several disciplines of the professional training of all courses in the health area. It is not possible to practice good anesthesiology, semiology / propaedeutics, surgery, kinesiology or even the understanding of physiological processes without cadaveric human parts properly prepared. In addition, laboratory research of numerous anatomical occurrences is possible only with the various laboratory practices of preparations and preservations of human biological material. The preparation processes include: dissections of isolated organic parts and whole bodies, latex injections or the like for vascular and segmental studies (visceral segmentation), bone reconstructions using wires, resins and plasters, molding / modeling reproductions and pictorial reproductions - IFMSA International Secretariat, c/o IMCC, Nørre Allé 14, 2200 København N., Denmark photographs (various types) and drawings (several types) of the cadaveric material. The preparation of human anatomical material itself plays a crucial role in the academic training of the students involved, since it arouses interests in higher education and empowers them in the technical knowledge of this discipline. In addition, all the production in the scope of the anatomy laboratory will belong to the collection of the institution.
What is the aim of the project?
The objective includes to allow the student greater knowledge about Human Anatomy for teaching in higher education.
What techniques and methods are used?
Students will dissect macroscopic human biological structures (anatomical pieces) using routine techniques and instruments (scalpels, scissors, saws, etc.). Biosafety protocols (clothing, biological material discards and solution manipulations) will also be discussed by students. The techniques of anatomical instrumentalizations (sharp and sharp instruments) will be taught in advance to the students by the teachers responsible (all the proponents of the project are experienced teachers in anatomy with practices in dissections). The preparation will be carried out by the students at the times when the teachers are available to accompany them. In addition to the programmed incisions on skin, muscles, serous membranes, viscera, bones and so on. with the main objective of cutting through stratigraphic exploration of the various body segments and their subsequent conservation for the collection, students will also take turns in bone reconstruction and assembly (with the use of yarns, waxes, resins, plasters and others) and pictorial records (photographs, hand drawings and digital) for the purpose of producing scientific material for academic instruction in classes and / or in the various models of scientific dissemination.
What is the role of the student?
- If the project includes “lab work”
- the student will take active part in the practical aspect of the project
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
Students will dissect macroscopic human biological structures (anatomical pieces) using routine techniques and instruments (scalpels, scissors, saws, etc.). In the practices, there will be dissections of isolated organic parts and whole bodies, latex injections or similar for vascular and segmental studies (visceral segmentations), bone reconstructions using wires, resins and plasters, molded / modeling reproductions, programmed skin incisions, muscles, serous membranes, viscera, bones and etc., relaying on bone reconstructions and assemblies (with the uses of yarns, waxes, resins, plasters and others) and pictorial records (photographs, hand drawings and digital) for the purpose of production of scientific material for academic instruction in lectures and / or various models of scientific disclosure.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
All information for the accomplishment of the project tasks will be given in the laboratory during the practical activities by the tutors, who will supervise and monitor the work of the students all the time
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
No specific skills are required.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Students in biomedical fields
- KICKHÖFEL; Eduardo Henrique. The anatomy lesson of Andreas Vesalius and the modern science. Scientiae Studia; São Paulo; vol. 1; September 2003. LEVY; Clayton. Researchers dissect Michelangelo's anatomy lesson. Journal of Unicamp. Available in: <http://www.unicamp.br/unicamp/unicamp_hoje/ju/junho200 4/ju256pag12.html>. SUGIMOTO; Luiz. The body between science and art. Journal of Unicamp. Available in: <http://www.unicamp.br/unicamp/unicamp_hoje/ju/abril2003 /ju210pg12.html>.
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