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A DESCRIPTIVE CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY TO ASSESSESSMENT OF BIRTH PREPARDNESS IN TERMS OF KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES AMONG PRIMIGRAVIDA MOTHERS AT KLE’s Dr. PRABHAKAR KORE TERTIERY CARE HOSPITAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH CENTRE, BELAGAVI.’’
India (MSAI) - Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College/KLE University, Belagavi
Prof. (Dr.) Shivaswamy M.S.
Prof. (Dr.) Shivaswamy M.S.
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Birth preparedness and complication readiness is a strategy to promote the timely use of skilled maternal and neonatal care, especially during childbirth.1 Birth preparedness and complication readiness include many elements, including: knowledge of danger signs; plan for where to give birth; plan for a skilled birth attendant; plan for transportation; a birth companion; and identification of compatible blood donors in case of emergency. Birth preparedness is a comprehensive strategy to improve the use of skilled providers at birth and the key intervention to decrease maternal mortality. Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BP/CR) strategy encourage women to be informed of danger signs of obstetric complications and emergencies, choose a preferred birth place and attendant at birth, make advance arrangement with the attendant at birth, arrange for transport to skilled care site in case of emergence, saving or arranging alternative funds for costs of skilled and emergency care, finding a companion to be with the woman at birth or to accompany her to emergency care and identifying blood donor in order to facilitate swift decision-making and reduce delays in reaching care once a problem arises. Responsibilities for BP/CR must be shared among all safe motherhood stakeholders, since coordinated effort is needed to reduce the delays that contribute to maternal and newborn deaths.
What is the aim of the project?
The aim of the study is to assess the knowledge, practices of primigravida mothers in regarding birth preparedness, in KLE’S Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Belagavi
What techniques and methods are used?
A facility-based cross-sectional study approach was adopted this study, conducted in KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Center, Belagavi, which is a 2400-bedded super specialty teaching hospital. Data were collected for 3 months, i.e., from September 1, 2017 to November 31, 2017. A total of 384 pregnant women participated in the study. The knowledge questionnaire prepared by John Hopkins University's JHPIEGO/Maternal and Neonatal Health Program Monitoring was used. For the knowledge assessment pretested structured questions, a score of zero was given for incorrect answers and a score of one was given for correct answers. A knowledge score was calculated for each participant out of a potential score 10. For the practice of BP and CR assessment, pretested structured questionnaire was used, and for the score assessment, a score of 1 was given for correct practice and score of 0 was given for wrong practice. A practice was calculated for each participant out of a potential total score.[ The level of knowledge score was grouped into poor level (0–4), moderate level (5–6), and good level (≥7), and the level of practice score was grouped into poor level (0–5), moderate level (5–8), and good level (≥9) for all the study participants. The study participants included all the pregnant women – 384 attending antenatal clinic as outpatients at KLE'S Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Belagavi, Karnataka, during the study period. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee on human subjects Research of the medical college and written informed consent was obtained from all the study participants.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will mainly observe
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- If the project is clinical
- the student will be allowed to work with patients
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The student is expected to interview the expectant mothers in the ANC Clinic of the hospital and collect data regarding birth preparedness and complications readiness
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Yes, Initial orientation lectures, discussion, reference materials will be given to students.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a scientific report - The student’s name will be mentioned in a future publication
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Survey skills, communication skills, basic computer skills
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Students in biomedical fields
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