Projects
Name
Laboratory of human functional anatomy: morphology and movement in 3D
University
Italy (SISM) - University of Milan, Milan
Domain
Anatomy
Departement
Deptartment of Biomedical Sciences for Health
Head
Chiarella Sforza, Claudia Dolci, Daniele Gibelli, Annalisa Cappella, Filippo Bertozzi
Tutor
Chiarella Sforza, Claudia Dolci, Daniele Gibelli, Annalisa Cappella, Filippo Bertozzi
Languages
English, Italian
Duration
4 weeks
Availability
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
No No No No Yes No No No No No No No
Type of Research Project
- Basic science
What is the background of the project?
The use of three-dimensional evaluation of healthy subejcts and patients is becoming more and more common in both basic and clinical investigations. In the laboratory, we have used non-invasive (optical) instruments since 1989, with a special focus on the craniofacial district. Currently, 3D assessments are also performed in time (with a 4D perspective), and human movement is recorded over the course of both daily activities and during exercise.The combined recording of facial morphology and movement with no risk for subjects is of particular importance for facial mimicry assessments.
What is the aim of the project?
The aim of the project is to introduce medical students to a novel 3D/4D analyses of functional anatomy in both healthy subjects and patients. Data collected in healthy subjects are used to describe the physiological state and to set reference standards for patient evaluation (treatment planning, intervention, follow up). Information about normal growth, development and aging is also obtained, as well as about sports performance at different levels of training.
What techniques and methods are used?
Instruments: stereophotogrammetric device (optical 3D assessment of facial morphology); optoelectronic 3D motion capture system (optical 3D assessment of human movement); surface electromyograph (non-invasive collection of muscular activity). Data are collected (see below under “Students’ tasks”), elaborated by several custom and commercial softwares, and analysed from a clinical and statistical point of view.
What is the role of the student?
- If the project includes “lab work”
- the student will take active part in the practical aspect of the project
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
Human motion lab: planning of data collection together with the staff (movement to be analyzed, positioning of cameras, positioning of markers on the body), data collection with computerized motion capture instruments together with the staff (positioning of reflective markers over anatomical landmarks, PC use), data analysis using custom software (supervised PC work), team brainstorming for data interpretation. Human faces lab: data collection with computerized sterophotogrammetric devices together with the staff (positioning of facial markers over anatomical landmarks, PC use), data analysis using custom software (supervised PC work), team brainstorming for data interpretation.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Lab staff will introduce the student to the practical use of the instruments during daily work. The student will be asked to read 2-3 scientific papers describing the experiments and their applications..
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a poster
- The student will prepare a presentation
- The student will prepare a scientific report
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Team work skills, curiosity, basic use computer. Subjects passed: Human Anatomy Previous experience with: basic computer skills
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
No
Hours
6
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
- Graduated students (less than 6 months)
- Pre-Medical students from the American-British system
Articles
- Three-dimensional longitudinal evaluation of facial mimicry in orthognathic class III surgery. Int. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.; 48: 355-363; 2019. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2018.09.004
- Donor-site morbidity following osteocutaneous free fibula transfer: longitudinal analysis of gait performance. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.; 77: 648-657; 2019; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2018.10.016.
- Kinematic effects of repeated turns while running. Eur. J. Sports Sci.; 19: 1072-1081; 2019 https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2019.1578416
- 3D analysis of smiling function in healthy people: influence of sex and age. In press: The Journal of Plastic; Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2019.05.036
- Facial morphology in children affected by spinal muscular atrophy type 2 (SMAII). Eur J Orthod. 2019 Sep 16. pii: cjz071. doi: 10.1093/ejo/cjz071. [Epub ahead of print]
- Maturity offset affects standing postural control in youth male soccer players. In press: the Journal of Biomechanics 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.109523.