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The prevalence of Vaping Among University Students in Jordan
Jordan (IFMSA-Jo), Hashemite University, Zarqa
Dr HL Harvey
Dr HL Harvey
Type of Research Project
- Basic science
What is the background of the project?
Vaping has become a common behavior global among today’s youth. While having become prevalent over the last decade. It started as an alternative to smoking, but has since become a trend among teens and young adults globally. Furthermore, in the last 6 months issues concerning vaping and its effects have become a major concern in western cultures, such as the United States with increasing alarm as youth are hospitalized with serious respiratory issues. More over smoking and vaping in particular are more widely accepted in middle eastern cultures, among men. Depending on data sources it is estimated that 40 -70% of males smoke in Jordan – and some of the university students prefer vaping. While smoking for women in the region is often stigmatized, shisha has been readily accepted, therefore by looking at gender differences this study we will measure prevalence among women and views on vaping as well.
What is the aim of the project?
This study aims to determine the prevalence of vaping in Jordan, to define its impact among young adults and if it is similar to trends in other parts of the world. The survey will combine instruments that have been previously validated from 2 cross-sectional studies in France and Romania, and modified and translated into Arabic looking at university students behaviors and views about vaping in Jordan as well as differences in gender
What techniques and methods are used?
Cross sectional survey design will be used and include 4 major government university across Jordan. The required approvals will be submitted to the university research review boards(IRB) before student arrivals for all universities, so that students will spend their time collecting and analyzing the data. The first week students will have discussions about various articles used as background for the study, review the survey instrument – have lectures on vaping & physiology issues and current clinical studies, and training for data collection. Weeks 2 & 3 will consist of data collection and analysis. Research students will be responsible for going to the various campuses and providing electronic survey access to students enrolled in summer programs, cleaning the data and completing the appropriate analysis for the various forms of data. This will consist of students using IBM SPSS** software for data analysis. They will conduct descriptive analysis and inferential testing to include chi square, t-tests and logistic regression. Week 4 will allow for report and presentation of findings and submission of manuscript that focuses on vaping prevalence findings. **IBM SPSS Is the registered name for the software used for statistical analysis.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student? (Minimum 10 lines, provide detailed explanation) Students will conduct surveys across the 4 universities – approximately 2 days at each campus location. The first week students will have discussions about various articles used as background for the study, review the survey instrument – have lectures on vaping & physiology issues and current clinical studies, and training for data collection. Weeks 2 & 3 will consist of data collection and analysis. Research students will be responsible for going to the various campuses and providing electronic survey access to students enrolled in summer programs, cleaning the data and completing the appropriate analysis for the various forms of data. This will include descriptive analysis and inferential tests including chi square, t-tests and logistic regression and ANOVA (analysis of variance) using IBM SPSS version 25 software. Week 4 will allow for report and presentation of findings and submission of manuscript that focuses on the prevalence findings for publication
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided for the student (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars)? Please describe how much teaching and by whom. Yes, during first week students will have guest lectures with Dr J Sunbey Jagers from Alberta Canada on impact and issues related to physiology of vaping and key concerns. Students are expected to have read the assigned links on recent vaping studies so discussion can be had about strengths and weakness and addressing those with the current study. Students will go through a survey training with Dr HL Harvey, and should already be familiar with using the statistical software IBM SPSS* we will discuss various and best methods for inferential statistical analysis. * previously explained and identified
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation - The student will prepare a scientific report - The student’s name will be mentioned in a future publication - The student will have the opportunity to present the results together with the supervisor at a conference
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
What skills are required of the student? Ability to work well with others, will be going to several locations in Jordan so should like being out in the field and be self motivated.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students
- Lotrean; L. M. (2015). Use of electronic cigarettes among Romanian university students: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health; 15(1); 358.
- Tavolacci; M. P.; Vasiliu; A.; Romo; L.; Kotbagi; G.; Kern; L.; & Ladner; J. (2016). Patterns of electronic cigarette use in current and ever users among college students in France: a cross–sectional study. BMJ open; 6(5); e011344.
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