Projects
Name
Indicators of well-being in first-year human medicine students of the University of Caldas (UC), year 2020
University
Colombia (ASCEMCOL) - Universidad de Caldas (ACEMCAL), Manizales
Domain
Biophysics and Medical Physics
Departement
Faculty of science for health – University of Caldas Avenue 25 # 48 57, Manizales, Caldas, Colombia
Head
Carlos Augusto Gonzalez Correa
Tutor
Carlos Augusto Gonzalez Correa; Oleyda Tapasco Tapasco
Languages
English, Spanish
Duration
4 weeks
Availability
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
No yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes No
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project with Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
In today's world, the Called chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of death, but, despite the insistence of the World Health Organization (WHO) on the possibility and the need to prevent them, the called " Health The systems "in the world are more oriented to the treatment of the disease than to its prevention. Therefore, it is important not only to know, but to try to improve the well-being, health and self-knowledge of people who will work in the health sector. Using tools available in the environment and within our reach, we have designed a protocol to evaluate different aspects covered by the concept of well-being (Miller 2005) based on the proposals of the American physician Halbert L. Dunn (1959), the protocol is related to three of the dimensions: physical (style and quality of life, body composition, physical condition and physiological variables), emotional (intelligence-related traits emotional) and mental intelligence (moral values and knowledge). The present work will provide information that will serve as a baseline for future comparisons with measurements that will be made at 2.5 and 5.5 years, when this year's first year Human Medicine students should be in the middle of the end of the degree, respectively. Over time, it will also serve to propose actions to implement an education and intervention project aimed at the well-being of the students.
What is the aim of the project?
Determine the state of the physical dimension by assessing the physical condition, body composition, physiological variables and lifestyle and assess the emotional and mental state, in order to analyse the results of these indicators of well-being obtained in those three dimensions, for future comparisons with measurements that will be made at 2.5 and 5.5 years.
What techniques and methods are used?
The study will be carried out in three phases according to the objective, using a sample at the convenience of voluntary students over 18 years old. Body composition is assessed by anthropometric measurements of weight, height and abdominal perimeter, supplemented with electrical bioimpedance (Biody Expert of Ebiody, Ciota-France), which allows to calculate the percentage of body fat, muscle mass and body fluid contents both intracellular and extracellular. Physical fitness will be assessed by three tests: force of hand grip by dynamometry, flexibility of the lower back and muscles of the posterior region of the muscle using the Wells test and cardiovascular capacity test (Tecumseh test). As for physiological variables, blood pressure, pulse, heart rate, temperature and oxygen saturation values are considered, in addition the values of the lipid profile, glycemia and glycosylated hemoglobin will be included. As a complement to these measurements, two questionnaires will be filled out: 24-hour feeding and the IPAQ (International Physical Activity Questionnaire). In addition, the SF-36 (Short Form Helath Survey test), will be applied which measures the individual's perception of their health status. The study will be carried out in three phases according to the objective, using a sample at the convenience of voluntary students over 18 years old. Body composition is assessed by anthropometric measurements of weight, height and abdominal perimeter, supplemented with electrical bioimpedance (Biody Expert of Ebiody, Ciota-France), which allows to calculate the percentage of body fat, muscle mass and body fluid contents both intracellular and extracellular. Physical fitness will be assessed by three tests: force of hand grip by dynamometry, flexibility of the lower back and muscles of the posterior region of the muscle using the Wells test and cardiovascular capacity test (Tecumseh test). As for physiological variables, blood pressure, pulse, heart rate, temperature and oxygen saturation values are considered, in addition the values of the lipid profile, glycemia and glycosylated hemoglobin will be included. As a complement to these measurements, two questionnaires will be filled out: 24-hour feeding and the IPAQ (International Physical Activity Questionnaire). In addition, the SF-36 (Short Form Helath Survey test), will be applied which measures the individual's perception of their health status. To evaluate emotional intelligence, will be used a simple test that measures the individual meta-knowledge of emotional states using 48 questions, known as the TMMS (Trait Meta-Mood Scale). Finally, in the intellectual dimension, two aspects are considered: moral values, for which will be used DIT2 (The Defining Issues Test, Version 2)
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks will be done under supervision
- If the project includes “lab work”
- the student will take active part in the practical aspect of the project
- If the project is clinical
- the student will take active part in the clinical examination
- If the project is clinical
- the student will be allowed to work with patients
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The student must make a complete evaluation of the patient that includes vital signs, dynamometry, anthropometry (weight, height, abdominal circumference) and perform a Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) with a medical body composition analyzer. In addition, the student must provide and supervise the completion of the questionnaires (24-hour feeding, IPAQ, SF-36 and DIT2) to complete the evaluation of the dimensions. Finally the student must collect and tabulate the data for analysis.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
The student should review the bibliography assigned by the tutor and attend the weekly session of the research group, where eventually the student should present a review of a topic (article or project). During the internship there will be two subject reviews: 1) bibliographic search 2) bases and clinical applications of bioelectric impedance
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will have the opportunity to present the results together with the supervisor at a conference
- The student will prepare a presentation
- The student will prepare a scientific report
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Communication skills, study skills, commitment to research, basic knowledge in general semiology. Subjects passed: Anatomy and physiology
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
No
Hours
6
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
- Graduated students (less than 6 months)
- Students in biomedical fields
Articles
- Gonzalez-Correa CA. Clinical applications of electrical impedance spectroscopy. In: Simini F; Bertemes-Filho P; editors. Bioimpedance in Biomedical Applications and Research.Springer; Cham; 2018. p. 187-218.
- Gonzalez-Correa CH. Body Composition by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis. In: Simini F; Bertemes-Filho P;editors. Bioimpedance in Biomedical Applications and Research. Springer;Cham; 2018. p. 219-241.
- Flanigan A; Salm Ward T. 2017. Evidence and Feasibility of Implementing an Integrated Wellness Program in Northeast Georgia. Health & Social Work;42(3): 143-150.
- Dos Santos FK; Prista A; Gomes TN; Santos D; Damasceno A; Madeira A; Katzmarzyk PT; Maia JA. 2015. Body mass index; cardiorespiratory fitness and cardiometabolic risk factors in youth from Portugal and Mozambique. International Journal of Obesity; 39(10); 1467-74