Projects
Name
INCIDENCE OF SILICOSIS IN MINING WORKERS OF THE NEW POTOSI MINING COOPERATIVE
University
Bolivia (IFMSA-Bolivia) - Major University, San Andrés de La Paz
Domain
Pneumology
Departement
La Paz
Head
La Paz City
Tutor
Dr. Jhony Martinez Research; Dr. Jhony Martinez Fieldwork: Dr. Jhony Martinez
Languages
Required: English Accepted: Spanish
Duration
4 weeks
Availability
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
No No No No No Yes Yes No No No No No
Type of Research Project
- Global Action Project (GAP)
What is the background of the project?
Pulmonary Silicosis is one of the most relevant occupational diseases that affects the mining population of Bolivia, a latest study conducted in 2013 determined that 80% of 400 workers submitted to the review tested positive for silicosis analysis, high level and worrying which launched the National Health Fund to conduct tests every two years, however these studies only occur in mining centers where they are invested in health, the reality of other mining districts, 8 between La Paz and Potosí where it is estimated, is still unknown The average life is 45 to 47 years. The study will be carried out in the miners of the new Potosí mining cooperative, which operate in the Matilde mine located in the Puerto Carabuco municipality 160km from the city of La Paz, one of the large deposits of Zinc, among other minerals in which they have registered serious damages until intoxications on the part of the workers.
What is the aim of the project?
INCIDENCE OF SILICOSIS IN MINING WORKERS OF THE NEW POTOSI MINING COOPERATIVE
What techniques and methods are used?
This is a research work of a quantitative, non-experimental and cross-sectional type. Research methods are inductive method and statistical method. AREA Work will be carried out on the miners of the new potosí mining cooperative located in the Puerto Carabuco community (La Paz) Miners of the XX century cooperative of Llallagua, shows by conglomerates; a group of 50 miners will be used, belonging to the 20th century cooperative, chosen at random, and for convenience, of which the taking of radiographic plates, surveys, preparation and review of medical records will be carried out, in addition to taking samples from the mine.
What is the role of the student?
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The techniques and devices may work with patients) and medical history on your own by collecting data in pre-structured printed forms. Teach the population about Silicosis disease and the prevalence in miners. Health management and disease prevention.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Courses
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a poster
- The student will prepare a scientific report
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
The exchange student will interview the miners of the Matilde mine, fill out surveys, review medical records, interpret cabinet studies (chest X-rays), will have a presence in the mine to analyze working conditions, in the morning and afternoon hours during the trip and / or visit the community. It will help in the tabulation and interpretation of the results as well as the discussions and conclusions, in the afternoon during the stay in the city of La Paz.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
No
Hours
6
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
- Graduated students (less than 6 months)
- Pre-Medical students from the American-British system
Articles
- Leung; CC; Yu; ITS y Chen; W. (2012). Silicosis. The Lancet . Grupo Editorial Lancet. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140- 6736(12)60235-9
- Mossman; BT y Churg; A. (1998). Mecanismos en la patogenia de la asbestosis y silicosis. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine ; 157 (5 PARTE I); 1666–1680. https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.157.5.9707141