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Creation of casts of human organs for innovative anatomy training
Belgium (BeMSA) - Ghent University, Ghent
Anatomy and Embryology Unit
Type of Research Project
- Basic science
What is the background of the project?
In the past medical students learned human anatomy by watching 2D anatomical pictures and dissecting human bodies. During the last decade more and more new techniques have been launched to increase the understanding of human anatomy such as virtual reality, 3D screens, apps, anatomage table etc. At Ghent University, veterinary anatomists have a huge experience in making casts of animal organs and bodies. In detail, vascular tissues are injected with a specific product (e.g. latex). After hardening of this product, the organ is immersed in a fluid that causes tissue degradation. At the end of this process, only the vascular system of the organ remains, which is a very a useful cast for 3D anatomy learning.
What is the aim of the project?
The aim of this project is to make a few vascular casts of human organs. These casts can be scanned and offered to medical students to increase their three-dimensional anatomical knowledge of the organ
What techniques and methods are used?
First, the removal of the organ out of the body. Then, injection of a specific product (e.g. latex) into the vascular system of the organ. After hardening of the intravascular product, the immersion of the organ in a fluid that causes tissue degradation. Finally, depending on the result of the vascular cast, it can be scanned and used as anatomical teaching material.
What is the role of the student?
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The student will assist during the removal of the organ out of the body. Afterward, inject the product in the vessels of the organ in order to follow the process of tissue decay. If doable, to scan the casts and make reconstructions of the images. Most of the latter tasks have to be done individually.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Yes, some literature could be provided in advance which has to be studied.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation - The student will prepare a scientific report - The student’s name will be mentioned in a future publication
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
- No major dissection skills - The student must be eager to learn dissecting vessels, cannulation of vessels, injecting the products, etc. - Interest in human anatomy - Knowledge of 3D reconstruction of medical images is an advantage Subjects passed: human anatomy of the retroperitoneal and intraperitoneal region
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students
- From vascular corrosion cast to electrical analog model for the study of human liver hemodynamics and perfusion. Debbaut C; Monbaliu D; Casteleyn C; Cornillie P; Van Loo D; Masschaele B; Pirenne J; Simoens P; Van Hoorebeke L; Segers P. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2011 Jan;58(1):25-35. doi: 10.1109/TBME.2010.2065229. Epub 2010 Aug 12.
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