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Characterization of pregnant women and newborns exposed to vertical transmission infections, which are treated at the E.S.E Santiago de Tunja, Colombia.
Colombia (ASCEMCOL) - Universidad Pedaggica y Tecnologica de Colombia, Tunja
Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Medicine Tunja, Boyacá.
E.S.E Santiago de Tunja and Primary Health Care Research Group of the Pedagogical and Technological University of Colombia
Ludy Alexandra Vargas Torres
English, Spanish and Portuguese
Type of Research Project
- Basic science
What is the background of the project?
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the pregnant woman require timely identification and appropriate treatment to prevent the infection from being transmitted to the baby, which is known as vertical transmission. In Colombia during the period 2003-2010, 235 children infected with HIV and 16,602 children with congenital syphilis were registered. During the period from 2005 to 2016, the municipality of Tunja recorded death by HIV as the third sub-cause of mortality from communicable diseases in women (0.9 deaths per 100,000 women). It is estimated that approximately 46.1% of the female population of Tunja (47,806 women) may be exposed to sexually transmitted infections during their reproductive life (15 to 44 years) and that 49.3 live births per thousand women of age Fertile may be exposed to vertical transmission of these infections. Approximately every year, 2500 pregnant women in the subsidized regime may be exposed to STIs; This population is attended by the ESE Santiago de Tunja, a public institution of first level of care with greater coverage for pregnant women of the subsidized regime of the municipality.
What is the aim of the project?
To determine the sociodemographic, obstetric, clinical characteristics and the assistance to programs for the promotion and prevention of pregnant women and newborns exposed to vertically transmitted infections in the E.S.E Santiago de Tunja, Colombia.
What techniques and methods are used?
An observational, descriptive and retrospective study is proposed. Data from the period between 2016 and 2019 will be analyzed, based on the medical records of the ESE Santiago de Tunja to analyze sociodemographic variables, such as age, schooling, provenance and health insurer; clinical variables such as diagnosed disease, comorbidities, category of mother exposure, time of diagnosis of infection and treatment received; changes in advocacy and prevention programs such as: quarterof onset of prenatal control, number of prenatal checks and assistance to other services and obstetric variables. A database will be carried out in the Excel program and statistical analysis in the SPSS software, as well as describe the absolute and relative frequencies, mean and standard deviation of each of the variables and tables and graphs will be made to present information.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will mainly observe
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The student will make a database in the Excel program with the variables to be studied and available in the medical records. It will organize, encode and analyze the variables to extract to the SPSS program.The student under the guidance of the researcher will perform the statistical analysis and the presentation of results in tables and graphs according to the case. Finally, the student will make a report the results taking into account the structure of a scientific article: introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
The student will attend the induction activities of the Primary Health Care Research Group, related to data management, bioethics and writing scientific articles by the group's researchers: Ludy Alexandra Vargas and Diana Carolina Sierra, for 3 days in the office of the research group, Faculty of Health Sciences.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation - The student’s name will be mentioned in a future publication - The student will have the opportunity to present the results together with the supervisor at a conference
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
The student requires skills in the management of Excel and in some statistical program. As well as skills in descriptive data analysis and scientific writing.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months)
- Rebelon et al. Characterization of pregnant women in the social enterprise of the state Santiago de Tunja; first semester of 2013. Medical Universitas. 2015 October-December; 56 (4): 439-453.
- Miranda P.; Arizmendi F.; and Salazar A. Basic concepts of descriptive statistics useful for the doctor. Rev Hosp Gral Dr M Gea González. 2006 January-April; 7 (1): 42-46
- Chen MY; Tabrizi SN. Challenges for managing curable sexually transmitted infections. BMC Infect Dis. 2015; 15. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4702341/pdf/12879_201 5_Article_1061.pdf English.
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