Projects
Name
Investigation of multidisciplinary management of breast cancer at the SOLCA Cancer Institute-Cuenca
University
Ecuador (AEMPPI) - Universidad Estatal de Cuenca, Cuenca
Domain
Oncology
Departement
Sociedad de Lucha Contra el Cancer (SOLCA) cancer Institute-Cuenca, Ecuador. Address: Av. Paraiso and San Agustin St. ZIP Code: 010107
Head
Dr Maria Isabel Leon
Tutor
Dr Maria Isabel Leon
Languages
English, Spanish
Duration
4 weeks
Availability
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
No No No No No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Breast cancer is the most commonly occurring cancer in women and the second most common cancer overall. There were over 2 million new cases in 2018. The Estimated age-standardized incidence rates in 2018 is about 46,7 per 100.000 inhabitants and the mortality is 13 per 100.000. In Ecuador the incidence rate in 2018 in both sexes and all ages is 32 per 100.000 inhabitants and is considered the second most common cancer in this country. Given the importance of this cancer and the evolution of its management, this research project seeks to collect data from 25 years of work at SOLCA Cuenca cancer institute about breast cancer, retrospectively wants to know the beginnings and the evolution of that pathology and the multidisciplinary management. It will also allow as know our potentials and weaknesses in the management of breast cancer.
What is the aim of the project?
To analyze the pros and cons of breast cancer management throughout 25 years of work at SOLCA Cuenca Cancer institute. It will be a multivariate analysis.
What techniques and methods are used?
This is a retrospective study that will collect Data from clinical histories of colon cancer patients who have been treated at SOLCA Cuenca Institute. The variables that will be analyzed are histology type (being the most prevalent the ductal type, followed by the lobular type), applied treatment (depending on the cancer stage, being the surgery the most used), disease evolution, clinical stage (from carcinoma in-situ to the four stages of invasive carcinoma) and complications. All this data will be collected and analyzed with the program SPSS 25.0. This study seeks the association between the treatment with the least amount of life complications and the best forecast.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
-Make a bibliographic review of breast cancer -Collect and analyze data with “SPSS 25.0” program - Variables description (histology type, applied treatment, disease evolution, clinical stage, complications) - Do rounds with the doctor in charge of hospitalized breast Cancer patients, who are currently under treatment. So that the student could improve his/her knowledge about breast cancer in our country.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Yes, each tutor gives articles to the students to improve the understanding of the pathology
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a scientific report
- The student will prepare an abstract
- The student’s name will be mentioned in a future publication
- The student will have the opportunity to present the results together with the supervisor at a conference
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Basic knowledge in investigation and bioethics, management of Excel and investigation platforms like SPSS
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Yes
All the information of the patients and all the project information is confidential. This doesn’t configure a legal limitation is part of medical ethics.
Hours
6
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
- Graduated students (less than 6 months)
Articles
- Solin J. Management of Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS) of the Breast: Present Approaches and Future Directions. Current oncology reports [Internet]. 2019 [cited 30 July 2019];(4):33. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30834994?fbclid=IwA R1Uv4EV03oV0xHjB5eO28eYuYKDrKWvS9BEghwS5pyij5z 40HwkcAFcYNs