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Prevalence of hypertension among diabetic patients in Erbil cityoject
Iraq-Kurdistan (IFMSA-Kurdistan) - Hawler Medical University/College of Medicine, Erbil
Hawler medical university - College of Medicine Department of Medicine, Erbil, Iraq
: Dr. Salah Hassan Yousif
: Dr. Salah Hassan Yousif
Type of Research Project
- Global Action Project (GAP)
What is the background of the project?
Diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension are regarded to be major causes of human morbidity and mortality for being two main risk factors of cardiovascular events. The relative risk of cardiovascular disease for people with diabetes is double or more than that of people without diabetes. Hypertension among patients with T2DM in developing countries are perhaps even more harmful than in high-income countries, where access to health care and adequate prevention programs help manage cardiovascular risk factors and can delay complications In this study we will try to find the prevalence of hypertension among well established diabetic patients in Erbil city, with detecting possible predictors of the hypertension among this common disease.
What is the aim of the project?
The aim of the study is to detect the prevalence of hypertension among diabetic patients with possible predictor of that co-morbidity, plus assessing other cardiovascular risk analysis in this multi systemic disease, and to compare the results with those of other regions.
What techniques and methods are used?
This will be a cross-sectional descriptive study including adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus aged 25 years and above, who attend a medical outreach program to be interviewed and screened for hypertension or have been diagnosed as hypertensive patients earlier. Data collection and entry into the SPSS system, results of statistical analysis of data using statistical methods like descriptive statistics in the form of (frequencies, cross tabs) and correlate methods from SPSS and Excel will be performed with interpretation and conclusion of results in the form of tables and graphs, and comparison with other regional and international studies will be made.
What is the role of the student?
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The student will be taking a brief but informative history from the patients who already have diabetes (with the help of a supervisor) in Cardiac Center, improving their communication skills regarding patients from different cultural and social backgrounds. Perform a physical examination in the form of taking blood pressure and blood sugar levels. Writing data they collected from each patient by filling forms provided by the supervisor and later encoding them into the SPSS system. After data collection they will help with data analysis, quantification and obtaining results using SPSS and Excel (software systems).
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation - The student will prepare a scientific report
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Communication skills as it is important to be able to efficiently communicate with any patient that you will face. Clinical skills in order to know how to handle patients and have some experience on how to take a blood pressure. Knowing the basics of research.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students
- Bello-Ovosi BO; Asuke S; Abdulrahman SO; Ibrahim MS; Ovosi JO; Ogunsina MA; et al. Prevalence and correlates of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in an urban community in North-Western Nigeria. Pan Afr Med J [Internet]
- Colosia AD; Palencia R; Khan S. Prevalence of hypertension and obesity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in observational studies: a systematic literature review. Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes Targets Ther. 2013 Sep 17;6:327–38.
- Simonson DC. Etiology and prevalence of hypertension in diabetic patients. Diabetes Care. 1988 Dec;11(10):821–7
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