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[Sousse] Non-communicable diseases risk factors and mental health among adolescents: a cross-sectional study in Sousse, Tunisia 2018
Tunisia (ASSOCIA-MED) - University of Sousse/ Faculty of Medecine of Sousse, Sousse
Department of Epidemiology, Farhat Hached University Hospital, Ibn El Jazzar Street, Sousse Tunisia.
Hassen Ghannem, Jihen Maatoug, Rim Ghammam, Nawel Zammit
Type of Research Project
- Basic science
What is the background of the project?
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and their associated risk factors became a major public health challenge worldwide. Several NCDs risk factors (e.g. smoking, alcohol) are adopted since the adolescence and they often persist into adulthood. World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 70 percent of premature deaths in adults worldwide are the result of behaviors begun in adolescence. In addition, there is also a growing trend of mental health problems during adolescence. For example the prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) estimated to be 2% in children is between 4% and 8% in adolescents. Furthermore, association between some NCDs risk factors and mental health disorders such as anxiety, depression, alexithymia and addictions is frequently reported. In Tunisia, few studies were interested to the NCDS risk factors and mental health problems at the same time among adolescents.
What is the aim of the project?
To determine the prevalence of NCDs risk factors and the associated mental health disorders among adolescents in high-schools
What techniques and methods are used?
Study design: A cross sectional study will be conducted in the urban area of the governorate of Sousse in Tunisia, to determine the prevalence of NCDs risk factors and its associated mental health disorders among adolescents in high-schools. Study population: The target population of the study will be the schoolchildren between 15-18 years of age. The sample will be selected according to a multi-stage stratified random sampling technique. Assuming a prevalence of 26% for smoking, 95% confidence interval, precision level of 4.5% and considering the cluster effect and a drop out of 20%; 1317 adolescents will be included. Data collection procedure: Students will complete a self-administrated questionnaire in their classrooms during regular class time in the presence of trained investigators. At the beginning of the survey, trained research staff will introduce the study purposes and also ensure students about data confidentiality and anonymity. Weight, height and blood pressure will be also measured by our investigators in the classroom.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The student could participate in the research process from planning, data collection to data analysis. However, it will depend on the period of his internship and the stage of study accomplishment. The student will receive a training in managing data bases. This training will be an opportunity to evaluate the student’s knowledge about biostatistics. He will receive another training in bibliographic research using Pubmed and learn how to perform a literature review. Then he will be invited to analyze the project data base. Finally the student will prepare a presentation to report the project results and conclusions.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
The student will be invited to read documents and watch tutorial videos at the beginning of the training.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months)
- World Health Organization; Regional Office of East Mediterranean. Regional data on noncommunicable diseases risk factors. [Accessed February 25; 2009]
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