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Under-reporting notifiable disease in Morocco: a study of the knowledge, attitudes and practices of healthcare professionals about notifiable diseases reported in the health center Ibn Rochd, Casablanca, Morocco.
Morocco (IFMSA-Morocco), Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Casablanca, Casablanca
Department of epidemiology, Faculty of medecine and pharmacy, Hassan II university of Casablanca
Pr Samira Nani
Pr Samira Nani
English, French, Arabic
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
In Morocco, like many countries, there is a list of diseases that are obligatory reported. Despite this legal obligation, under-reporting notifiable diseases is a common problem for oversight systems in the health center Ibn Rochd Casablanca. This under-reporting negatively impacts on the effectiveness of the notification process as a ‘real-time’ surveillance tool and an early warning system for outbreaks. A cross-sectional study is conducted within the pediatric hospital, the department of infectious disease and the hematology laboratory of the health center Ibn Rochd Casablanca
What is the aim of the project?
The aim of the study is to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of health care professionals on the notification of disease to solve the issue of under-reporting.
What techniques and methods are used?
- Documentary research: Learning documentary research in biomedical scientific databases: Pubmed, scopus, web of science, clinical Key .... - Research Protocol Development: Detail all stages of the research project from the research question to the presentation of the research report. -Operational planning of the study: 6 to 8 months cross-sectional study Development of a data collection questionnaire for the study's target population: medical staff, nurses, biologists, administrative staff, involved in the study disease notification at the children's hospital, the hospital's hematology laboratory and infectious disease departement. -Pre-test of the questionnaire at the gastroenterology department for possible modifications. -Mask input edition in SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) -Entering data into an SPSS database -Data analysis: univariate, multivariate analysis via SPSS.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The tasks expected to be accomplished by the student are: Development of the research protocol: Literature research on the attitudes and practices of health care workers regarding the mandatory declaration of diseases The student will learn to research articles in pubmed database, to choose the most pertinent articles, to identify the variables to include in the survey and to assist to the writing of the different sections of the protocol -Data collection and analysis : The student will assist to data collections and will write analysis plan and learn statistical analysis -Writing the report’s study. The student will contribute to report writing
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
The student will take introductory courses for medical and pharmacy student to the topic of the project and courses prepared by our residents in public health and epidemiology. Practical teaching in bibliography research, statistical analysis can be organized for the student when required. The courses will be provided by the residents of the service under the supervision of teachers once a week or twice depending on availability.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation - The student will prepare a scientific report
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
No skill is needed in particular.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students
- Tan HF1; Yeh CY; Chang HW; Chang CK; Tseng HF. Private doctors' practices; knowledge; and attitude to reporting of communicable diseases: a national survey in Taiwan. BMC Infect Dis. 2009 Jan 29;9:11. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19178741
- Herida M; Pillonel J; Le Strat Y; Desenclos J. C; Saura C. Évaluation du dispositif des maladies à déclaration obligatoire en France: connaissances; attitudes et pratiques des médecins et des biologistes; 2005. Bull Epidémiol Hebd. 2009 51(52); 503-507. http://opac.invs.sante.fr/doc_num.php?explnum_id=1346
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