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Study of Pediatrics Acute Respiratory Infections at Zainal Abidin Hospital, Aceh, Indonesia
Indonesia (CIMSA-ISMKI) - Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh
Departement of Pediatric, Zainal Abidin Hospital Aceh – Indonesia.
Dr.dr. Bakhtiar,Sp.A, M.Kes.
Dr.dr. Bakhtiar,Sp.A, M.Kes.
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Acute respiratory infection is an infection that happens on the respiratory tract because of colonization of bacteria, virus, and / or fungal. The disease can be divided into Upper and Lower Respiratory Tract Infection. The example for upper infection is pharyngitis, while for lower infection is pneumonia. Within a year setting, adults may develop acute respiratory infection two to three times while a higher occurrence of 8 annual cases can be observed in paediatrics patient. In addition, although seemed simple, acute respiratory infection has high mortality and morbidity rate, especially concerning paediatrics. Acute respiratory infection has recently also become a prolonged adversary in Indonesia. With its title as a triple burden country, Indonesia poor economic and social condition give rise to adept conditions for the disease’s aetiology to flourish. For instance, in some parts of Indonesia, humongous number of children still suffer from malnutrition and severe dehydration. Those factors deplete the effectivity as well as quantity of the immune system thus enabling the colonization of microorganism and thus acute respiratory infection.
What is the aim of the project?
The study aims to generate and establish a register of clinical manifestations, pathophysiology, and possible treatment of Acute Respiratory Infection at Zainal Abidin Hospital, Aceh, Indonesia
What techniques and methods are used?
• Collecting the data of patients who diagnosed with acute respiratory infection and without in Zainal Abidin Hospital, Aceh, Indonesia • The following variables are assessed: age, anthropometric data, gender, hospitalization stay duration, surgical history, trauma history, medication history, complications present, comorbidities present, and supportive medical tools results (eg. X-Ray, CT scan / computed tomography, MRI / magnetic resonance imaging) • Analyze the factors for contribution to the etiology, risk factors, complications, and/or comorbidities • Measuring the odd ratio and p-value significance using t-test, chi square, mann whitney, and/or logistic regression through Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 24
What is the role of the student?
- The student will mainly observe
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
• Collecting the data of patients who diagnosed with acute respiratory infection and without in Zainal Abidin Hospital, Aceh, Indonesia; through medical record and/or patient interview and physical exam to assess: age, anthropometric data, gender, hospitalization stay duration, surgical history, trauma history, medication history, complications present, comorbidities present, and supportive medical tools results (eg. X-Ray, CT scan / computed tomography, MRI / magnetic resonance imaging) • Observe and assist in the physical examination, X-Ray, CT scan, and/or MRI on the patients with and without acute respiratory infection strictly under supervisors’ watch • Data analysis and quantification by Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 24 • Analyze the factors for contribution to the etiology, risk factors, complications, and/or comorbidities
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Yes, there is. Dr.dr. Bakhtiar, Sp.A, M.Kes. will teach the incoming students regarding paediatric respiratory infection, how to do clinical examination on acute respiratory infection patients, and how to interpret as well as understand the complementary diagnostics examination.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation - The student will prepare a scientific report
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Students have to pass Respiratory and Paediatric block and have previous experience with clinical exam & history taking
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Many of the patients use Acehnese Language which is a local language and is completely different with the national language (Bahasa Indonesia), but many of them can use the official language. It is mandatory in our hospital to use a long non-jeans trouser/skirt and long-sleeved shirt with collar + white coat when you are attending the exchange
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months)
- Cutrera; Renato; et al. “Management of Acute Respiratory Diseases in the Pediatric Population: the Role of Oral Corticosteroids.” Italian Journal of Pediatrics; vol. 43; no. 1; 2017; doi:10.1186/s13052-017-0348-x.
- Everard; Mark L. “Paediatric Respiratory Infections.” European Respiratory Review; vol. 25; no. 139; 2016; pp. 36–40.; doi:10.1183/16000617.0084-2015.
- Kumar; Prawin; et al. “Etiology of Acute Respiratory Infections in Infants.” The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal; vol. 36; no. 1; 2017; pp. 25–30.; doi:10.1097/inf.0000000000001359.
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