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Clinical characterization of polytraumatized patients entering the intensive care unit of a health institution in the city of Montería-Córdoba, Colombia
Colombia (ASCEMCOL) - Universidad del Sinú, Elías Bechara Zainúm, Montería, Córdoba
Faculty of Health Sciences, medicine Program, Department of Basic Health Sciences the University of Sinú – Elías Bechara Zainúm
Dra. Nohra Isabel Diaz Cornejo
Dra. Nohra Isabel Diaz Cornejo
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Trauma has been described primarily as a situation with physical damage to the body, medically it is usually identified to a traumatized patient as someone who has suffered serious injuries that endanger his life. Physical trauma may permanently or indefinitely incapacitate the victim, the primary cause of death in children under the age of 40 years. Traumatisms are now the leading cause of death within the first four decades of life. As a global cause of death at all ages, trauma is surpassed only by cancer, cardiovascular disease, and respiratory diseases. This project seeks to carry out a descriptive study with the objective of determining the polytraumatized patients with multiple conditions of the Osteomioarticular system, who entered the intensive care Unit (UCI) of an institution of Health of the city of Montería, Department of Córdoba, Colombia, during the period from January to June 2019, performing a characterization of the age range, sex and main predominant lesions, demonstrating the relationship between the condition of the patient and the Major causal events or triggers.
What is the aim of the project?
The main objective of the project is to perform a characterization of the group of patients admitted to the intensive care Unit (ICU) of a health institution in the city of Montería, Department of Córdoba, Colombia during the period from January to June 2019 Establishing the main lesions or conditions of the predominant Osteomioarticular system.
What techniques and methods are used?
For the development of the project is counted on the data of 300 patients who entered a health institution, with the diagnosis of Polytrauma, which will proceed to analyze the clinical history and epicrisis, together with complementary tests Carried out from each of the patients admitted to the intensive care Unit (ICU) of an institution providing health services in the city of Montería, Córdoba-Colombia, between periods from January to June 2019, of which the variables will be established Preodominantes within the group of patients studied. This project will be tested for validity of content with two professionals in the field, who provide the tools necessary for the elaboration of the Protocol to be applied. A statistical study of the variables determined within the patient group to study will be carried out and the data will be analyzed and processed by means of the elaboration of tables and charts by means of the package of the Microsoft Office Excel program. It is expected as a final result, the elaboration of a publication article for submission to a journal of Scientific medical character.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The exchange student will have the opportunity to meet with a working group formed by five students from the clinical area of the Faculty of Health Sciences and the medical program of the University of Sinú – Elías Bechara Zainúm, as well as a group of S Elected teachers for the elaboration of the initial database that will allow to establish the variables of study for the elaboration of the project, during his stay counted with the bibliographic resource provided by the database of the library of the University of Sinú – Elías Bechara Zainúm and the medical teachers who will accompany the development of the project, for the elaboration of the manuscript and the statistical report of the variables to study. Once each working week is completed, the student will have a joint to his co-workers, a revision material adapted to the thematic in which he focuses the work of the research project and a clinical simulation session for the implementation of The knowledge acquired during the development of the research project. After your stay in research the student must present joint to his/her local research fellows a report of the research work done before the academic community that meets the requirements to be a publication material in a Scientific Medical Journal.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Preliminary readings about Polytraumatism: • Physiopathology of pain in the polytraumatized patient. • Attention of the polytraumatized patient. • American Heart Association’s ACLS (Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support ) and PALS (Pediatric Advanced life Support) guides 2018. • Algorithms of Procedure and Intervention of the Patient with Trauma.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation - The student will prepare a scientific report - The student’s name will be mentioned in a future publication
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
• Knowledge of the Anatomy or morphology, physiology and pathology. • Basic management of spanish (not required) and English. • Previous readings related to the theme of research such as types of Traumas, Polytraumatism management and intervention.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students
- 1. Panchal AR; Berg KM; Kudenchuk PJ; et al. 2018 American Heart Association focused update on advanced cardiovascular life support use of antiarrhythmic drugs during and immediately after cardiac arrest: an update to the American Heart Association guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care [published online November 5; 2018]. Circulation. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000613.
- 2. Duff JP; Topjian A; Berg MD; et al. 2018 American Heart Association focused update on pediatric advanced life support: an update to the American Heart Association guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care [published online November 5; 2018]. Circulation. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000612.
- 3. Soar J; Donnino MW; Aickin R; et al. 2018 international consensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care science with treatment recommendations summary [published online November 5; 2018]. Circulation. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000611.
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