Projects
Name
The study of predisposing factors and types of treatment in the scientific-clinical department of the Moscow Clinical Research Center
University
Russian Federation (HCCM Russia) - Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry named after A.I. Evdokimov, Moscow
Domain
Internal Medicine
Departement
Moscow Clinical Scientific Center
Head
Dr. Izrailov Roman MD
Tutor
Assistant Pavel S.Tyutyunnik, MD
Languages
English
Duration
4 weeks
Availability
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Each year the Moscow Clinical Scientific Center receives about 50,000 patients. However, there is a great need for a more detailed assessment of the causes of the disease. Due to the large flow of admission to the hospital, not every doctor has time to devote time to medical statistics, which can be collected during a certain period. And this means that it is becoming more and more difficult to prevent the disease with each passing year. Estimation of age, sex, time spent in hospital, complications after treatment, etc. could be very helpful in resolving this issue. Also it is important to use the proper treatment for patients in the beginning of hospitalization because examination of patients can take a lot of time. During this period patients are staying without any kind of treatment and it can lead to different complications.
What is the aim of the project?
The goal of the project is to assess the predisposing factors of diseases with the help of medical data for a certain period. Another aim of the project – to find out the proper treatment for different groups of patients.
What techniques and methods are used?
This project will be held in the scientific-clinical department, and this means that the most advanced technologies in medicine will be used: Electrocardiography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Computed Tomography, Ultrasound, Laparoscopic 3D. Stages of the project: 1) Follow-up of patients during exchange period 2) Physical and instrumental examination of patients (under control of tutor) 3) Studying of medical history of patients (collecting data for statistical analyses such as age, sex, results of analyses, type of treatment, complications and etc). 4) Statistical analysis using T-test, ANOVA analysis, Pearson correlation (in the begining of exchange period – under control of the tutor, then student is going to do it by himself) 5) Collecting results and using it for conclusion The aim of the project is to find out the proper type of treatment which will be more effective for different groups of patients. It is very important to start the treatment in the beginning of hospitalization because examination of patients can take up to 10 days. During this period patients have to be treated in a right way.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will mainly observe
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The student during his exchange period will be engaged in the examination of patients, the study of the history of the disease, curation during operations. During the clinical examination, the student will conduct such techniques as palpation, percussion, auscultation. After that the collected information should be statistically processed using different techniques such as T-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, submitted to the tutor, who at the end of the exchange period will be able to provide information together with the student.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Scientific publications will be offered to the student for preliminary reading.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation
- The student will have the opportunity to present the results together with the supervisor at a conference
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Accuracy and tolerance to the patient, ability to work in such systems as Prism, SPSS, Excel. The ability to decode images of ECG, MRI, CT, Ultrasound. Subjects passed: Internal Medicine.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
No
Hours
6
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
- Graduated students (less than 6 months)
Articles
- Jensen AM; Crandall ML; Tepas JJ 3rd; Ra JH ACS NSQIP Surgical Risk Calculator: Pilot Analysis on Feasibility in an Academic Safety Net Hospital // J Surg Res. 2018. № December P. 124-128.
- Cottone F1; Deliu N; Collins GS; Anota A; Bonnetain F; Van Steen K; Cella D; Efficace F Modeling strategies to improve parameter estimates in prognostic factors analyses with patient-reported outcomes in oncology // Qual Life Res. 2019. № January P. 18.
- https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30657198
- https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28514559