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Epidemiological profile and prevalence of COPD in elderly patients who attend the Regional Hospital of Encarnacion in the year 2019.
Paraguay (IFMSA-Paraguay) - Universidad Nacional de Itapúa city, Encarnación
Regional Hospital of Encarnacion, Independencia Nacional, Encarnación, Itapúa, Paraguay.
MD Carolina Scott
MD Carolina Scott
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project with Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is characterized by a persistent blockage of air flow, which is an underdiagnosed and potentially fatal disease that alters normal breathing. At present, this disease represents one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In Paraguay, the National Institute of Respiratory and Environmental Diseases (INERAM) receives more than 500 patients per month and in the Institute of Social Welfare (IPS), between 20 and 30 cases are diagnosed per year. The present work intends to promote the integration between different cultures through research exchange, in which the problem that symbolizes the COPD at a regional level will be presented. This study will be executed in the Regional Hospital of Encarnacion through analysis of clinical records, exploration and evaluation of patients exhibiting symptoms belonging to the aforementioned pathology.
What is the aim of the project?
To establish the epidemiological profile and the prevalence of COPD in patients of legal age who go to the Regional Hospital of Encarnación in 2019.
What techniques and methods are used?
Review of medical records, exploration and evaluation of patients exhibiting symptoms belonging to COPD. For the statistical analysis of the data collected Epidat 4.1 software will be used and for the realization of graphics Microsoft Excel 2016
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The students are expected to perform, under supervision, a data collection using medical records, participate of the clinical evaluation of the patients, do the appropriate research about the subject of the study and follow the lecture given by the tutor. In addition, the processing of the data collected and the preparation of a final report with the results obtained, during the workhours, which will be presented to the tutor at the end of the exchange period.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
The student will be provided of lectures at the begining of the exchange by the tutor.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a poster - The student will prepare a presentation
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Communication skills, diligence, intercultural learning. Subjects passed: Research methodology, Epidemiology, Biostatistics, Bioethics, Medical Semiology.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months) - Pre-Medical students from the American-British system
- COPD WHO Data from December 1st 2017. Projections of Global Mortality and Burden of Disease from 2002 to 2030. Mathers CD; Loncar D. PLoS Medicine. 2006 Nov 28; 209–224.
- Olloquequi G. Jordi; Jaime J. Sergio; Parra R. Viviana; Muñoz V. Cintia; Muñoz G. Alejandra; Lastra F. Fabiola et al . General characterization of COPD patients from the Maule Region; Chile: Preliminary results of the MaulEPOC study. Rev. chil. enferm. respir.
- MSPyBS Public health news;INERAM recives more than 500 patients with COPD per month.
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