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Epidemiology of healthcare-associated infections and other infectious diseases
Paraguay (IFMSA Paraguay) - Universidad Nacional de Asuncion
Department of Microbiology
Dra Juana Ortellado Canese
Dra Juana Ortellado Canese
Type of Research Project
- Basic science
What is the background of the project?
Healthcare-associated infections are among the most common preventable health adverse events. In Paraguay, these infections impose a significant burden for public hospitals and have great consequences for the population as well as the nation’s healthcare system. Being aware of the local epidemiology is fundamental for developing new healthcare strategies and updating the current ones. Through this project we have been studying the prevalence of various infectious diseases, especially those healthcare-associated infections that most frequently occur in Paraguayan public hospitals.
What is the aim of the project?
The aim of this project is to describe the epidemiology of multi-resistant microorganisms found in patient’s isolates that are referred to the Central Laboratory of the Hospital de Clínicas, which is the teaching hospital of the National University of Asunción, Paraguay.
What techniques and methods are used?
Management of patient’s biological samples that are normally processed in our lab, taking care of the different stages: preanalytical, correct processing, microbiological culture, follow-up of the samples, isolation and identification of microorganisms as well as the performance of different antimicrobial sensitivity tests.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The student will be highly involved in the project and he/she is expected to gain a brief foundation of the research process; starting from the research question and bibliographic review to the communication of results. The student will also acquire laboratory skills such us processing and tracking biological samples, isolating and identifying microorganisms as well as performing antimicrobial sensitivity tests. The student will prepare a scientific report that can be presented at scientific meetings and get published.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Before each stage and procedure, the student will be instructed properly and will be given the required reading materials and/or the source where to find them. The orientation will be delivered by the tutor and a highly skilled lab staff
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a scientific report - The student’s name will be mentioned in a future publication - The student will have the opportunity to present the results together with the supervisor at a conference
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Basic knowledge of microbiology and pharmacology
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months) - Students in biomedical fields
- Al-Tawfiq JA; Tambyah PA. Healthcare associated infections (HAI) perspectives. Journal of Infection and Public Health. 2014 Jul;7(4):339–44.
- Marcel J-P; Alfa M; Baquero F; Etienne J; Goossens H; Harbarth S; et al. Healthcare-associated infections: think globally; act locally. Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 2008 Oct;14(10):895–907.
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