Projects
Name
Validation of different surgical techniques for the treatment of oro-facial defects in terms of surgical outcomes, stability or survival rate, among others
University
Catalonia (AECS) - Catalan International University (UIC), Barcelona
Domain
Anatomy
Departement
Teknon Medical Center. Instituto Maxilofacial.
Head
Adaia Valls Ontañón
Tutor
Adaia Valls Ontañón
Languages
English and Spanish
Duration
4 weeks
Availability
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
yes yes yes yes yes yes yes No yes yes yes yes
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Oro-facial defects may occur congenitally, as a consequence of ageing process or after surgical procedures. Facial harmony is essential for socialization of the individual: On the other hand, and correct oral anatomy is functionally indispensable for chewing, swallowing, breathing and speech. Due to the abovementioned aspects, reconstruction of facial and oral defects represents a major challenge for Oral and Maxillofacial surgeons. To date, several techniques have been described for this purpose, such as implant placement, graft surgery or orthognathic surgery. There is often controversy regarding which technique is best indicated for each situation.
What is the aim of the project?
The aim of the project is to validate several surgical techniques for the treatment of oro-facial defects in terms of surgical outcomes, stability or survival rate, among others. Then, to analyse its advantages and limitations, and to discuss its potential applicability.
What techniques and methods are used?
-Chart review -Witness clinical exploration and CBCT (Cone Beam Computed Tomography: a low radiation scanner) measurements with a specialized software: During dental/orthodontic imaging, the CBCT scanner rotates around patients' head, obtaining up to nearly 600 distinct images. The scanning software collects the data and reconstructs it, producing what is termed a digital volume composed of three-dimensional voxels of anatomical data that can then be manipulated and visualized with specialized software. CBCT has been described as the gold standard for imaging the oral and maxillofacial area. -Descriptive data analysis
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The first weeks of the exchange period, the student will read different articles related to the topic of the research, doing a meta-analysis of them and a chart review. The last weeks of the internship, the student will be taught to use a low radiation scanner called CBCT (Cone Beam Computed Tomography). With this scanner, the student will be allowed to measure the orofacial defects of the patients and analyze them with specialized software (which the student will be taught to use too), comparing the defects before and short- and long-term after the surgery. At the end of the research, the student will be able to identify the more common defects in the oro-facial field and what techniques are the best one to improve the lifestyle of the patients.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Yes, students will receive a masterclass on required software management.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a poster
- The student will prepare a presentation
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
English at intermediate level. Software management skills. Advanced knowledge of dentistry.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Yes
Confidentialy patients' cards
Hours
6
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
- Graduated students (less than 6 months)
- Pre-Medical students from the American-British system
- Students in biomedical fields
- Dental medicine students (IADS members)
Articles
- A New Hybrid Technique for Performing a Safer Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy: Combining Reciprocating Saw and Piezoelectric Devices Mirco Raffaini; MD; DDS; PhD1;2 Raffaella Perello; MD3 Marco Conti; MD; DDS4 Federico Hernandèz-Alfaro; MD; DDS; PhD5 Tommaso Agostini; MD4
- Simultaneous and delayed direct sinus lift versus conventional implants: Retrospective study with 5-years minimum follow-up Javier Romero-Millán 1 ; Federico Hernández-Alfaro 2 ; Miguel Peñarrocha-Diago 3 ; David Soto-Peñaloza 1 ; David Peñarrocha-Oltra 4 ; María Peñarrocha-Diago
- The Fate of Lateral Ridge Augmentation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Basel Elnayef; DDS; MS; PhD1/Cristina Porta; DDS; MS1/Fernando Suárez-López del Amo; DDS; MS2/ Lorenzo Mordini; DDS; MS3/Jordi Gargallo-Albiol; DDS; PhD4/ Federico Hernández-Alfaro; MD; DDS; MS; PhD