Projects
Name
Psychophysiology of the respiratory pattern in healthy patients and patients with respiratory dysfunction
University
Moldova (ASRM) - State University of Medicine and Pharmacy Nicolae Testemițanu, Chișinău
Domain
Physiology
Departement
The Departament of Human Physiology and Biophysics
Head
Victor Vovc
Tutor
Svetlana Lozovanu
Languages
English, Romanian
Duration
4 weeks
Availability
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
No No Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes Yes No
Type of Research Project
- Basic science
What is the background of the project?
Clinical investigations in the study include the analysis of psychological (structural) cerebral components and types of personality in the constitution of the respiratory pattern in healthy people and respiratory dysfunction patients. Respiratory pattern study will be performed by assessing respiratory parameters (current volume, respiratory rate, duration of inspiration, duration of expiration, phase shift between chest and abdominal movements, partial CO2 pressure in expired air, blood saturation with O2, minute-volume respiratory rate, inspiratory flow rate) in the following functional samples - normal respiration, directed hyperventilation, post-hyperventilation, voluntary apnea, post-apnea, stress, post-stress, pain, post-pain).
What is the aim of the project?
Analysis of psychological (structural) cerebral components and types of personality in the formation of the respiratory pattern in healthy and patients with respiratory dysfunctions. Elaboration of psychophysiological approaches for normalization of respiratory pattern disorders.
What techniques and methods are used?
This study will include 3 directions: 1. Collecting data via the standardized PID-5 questionnaire (filling in the questionnaire); 2. Respiratory pattern study by recording respiratory parameters as: Current Volume (Vt); Duration of Inspiration (Ti), Exit (Te); Respiratory cycle time (Ttot), Inspiratory flow rate (Vi / Ti); Pulmonary ventilation pulse volume (Ve) with inductive breathing plethysmography with Visuresp (France), pneumotachography with CO2 monitoring in expired air and pulse oximetry with Capnostream ™ 20 (Sweden). 3. Statistical data processing; 4. Data interpretation.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will mainly observe
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
- Collection of data from the patients via standardized PID-5 questionnaire and analyze it; - Recording of respiratory parameters such as: Current Volume (Vt); Duration of Inspiration (Ti), Exit (Te); Respiratory cycle time (Ttot), Inspiratory flow rate (Vi / Ti); Pulmonary ventilation pulse volume (Ve) using inductive breathing plethysmography, pneumotachography with CO2 monitoring in expired air and pulse oximetry; - Statistical data analysis of data collected from the questionnaires and respiratory parameters.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
The student is going to have upon arrival theoretical teaching such as reading materials and individual courses assured by the tutor.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a poster
- The student will prepare a presentation
- The student will prepare a scientific report
- The student’s name will be mentioned in a future publication
- The student will have the opportunity to present the results together with the supervisor at a conference
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
- To be able to collect data; - To know how to record parameters; - To know the terms used in physiology of the respiratory system; - To be able to analyze statistical data; - To know the cerebral areas responsible for regulation of the respiratory function.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
No
Hours
6
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
Articles
- S. Lozovanu; I. Moldovanu; V. Vovc; I. Romaniuc; T. Besleaga; A. Ganenco ”Relationship between personality disorders and headaches using PID for DSM-5”; Moldovan Medical Journal. December 2018;61(4):pp.29-35; DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2222309