Projects
Name
HIV prevention work among urban youths to reduce proliferation.
University
Kazakhstan (KazMSA) - Semey State Medical University, SSMU, Semey, Kazakhstan
Domain
Infectious Diseases
Departement
Department of infectious diseases and immunology of the Semey Medical University, SMU, Semey, Kazakhstan, str. Sechenov, 1 Zip CODE 071400
Head
Associate Professor, Akhmetova Almira Kapanovna
Tutor
Theory: Maukayeva Saule, PhD ass.professor, head of department of infectious diseases and immunology Research: Nuralinova Gulnar, PhD, ass.professor of department (same) Fieldwork: Smail Erbol, PhD, ass.assistant of (same)
Languages
Required:English Accepted: Kazakh, Russian, English
Duration
4 weeks
Availability
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Type of Research Project
- Global Action Project (GAP)
What is the background of the project?
The problem of HIV infection has become the number one problem for all countries of the world. According to the World Bank's "AIDS Research in Central Asia" report, Kazakhstan and other Central Asian countries are particularly vulnerable to the HIV / AIDS epidemic in the coming years. If we do not take appropriate coordinated measures, the incidence of HIV infection will reach a very high level among young people (injecting drug users, sexual way). It is well known that prevention is the most effective way to prevent the spread of HIV infection. The main principle of HIV prevention is safe and responsible behavior, a healthy lifestyle. Therefore, the main strategy aimed at slowing the spread of HIV is still widespread propaganda, aimed at changing the way people live.
What is the aim of the project?
to learn theoretical materials on HIV endemic disease and fter theoretical part of research exchange to carry out campaign works among youth with tutors and SCOPH team of LC-SMU.
What techniques and methods are used?
Fieldwork 1. Interviewing of population at the public places (parks, trading houses, stores and shops, etc.) and/or questioning about HIV infection awareness; A Contact Person will be your translator during the interview, if needed. 2. Campaign works or sanitary epidemiological works with explanation of HIV epidemiology, prevention, treatment and etc. among youth (at the schools, colleges, universities, etc.) with tutors and SCOPH team of LC-SMU. It may be flash mobs, activities, etc. That work includes lectures, interactive games, videos, flash mobs, etc. ; Location: ✓ Public places (parks, trading houses, stores and shops, etc.) of Semey city; ✓ Schools, colleges, universities, etc. of Semey city, and especially Semey medical university; Research 1. Working in the conditions of the laboratory, and also in hospital of Semey AIDs center. What means that the student have to take HIV infection diagnostic skills. Student will work in laboratory with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and will conduct screening test and confirmatory test. 2. To study the epidemiological characteristics of HIV infection in the region 3. Develop a program to prevent HIV infection, taking into account epidemiological features. 4. To raise the information competence of the young people in Semey city on HIV / AIDS 5. To improve the quality of mastering the competence of students in the State Medical University of the city of HIV / AIDS prevention: "Health Advocate", "Teaching Skills", "Communicative Skills", etc. using the method "From Equal to Equal» 6. The epidemiological characteristics of HIV infection will be studied according to statistical data in the region, starting from 2008 to 2018, migration of HIV-infected people in the East-Kazakhstan region and Semey in particular, the ratio of the number of women and men infected with HIV, this region. Evaluation will be given by the number of people infected with HIV and registered at the moment. 7. To achieve this aim, the following tasks will be set 8. To conduct a retrospective analysis of the incidence of HIV infection from 2008 to 2018. 2. To characterize the changes in the age composition of HIV-infected people and the dynamics of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus 3. Determine the spread of HIV among various age, social and ethnic groups in Semey city. 9. The obtained data will allow improving the existing system of epidemiological surveillance of HIV infection in the region, adapting the system of preventive measures to changing social and demographic conditions affecting the intensity of the epidemic process. This research will show that the leading direction of preventive work is qualified and permanent information of the population in order to achieve safe behavior that minimizes the risk of HIV infection. 10. A student who has gained experience in this field of research will be able to transfer his skills and knowledge on the principle from Equal to Equal to another student, thereby increasing the number of qualified doctors in the future 11. A correlation analysis will be used between the incidence of HIV infection from 2008 to 2018, and the intensity of external migration (p = 0.5 ± 0.16). As well as calculations of the correlation coefficient of ranks (Spearman) between the incidence of HIV infection and drug addiction (p = 0.82 ± 0.11) and the incidence of sexually transmitted infections (p = 0.64 ± 0.2).
What is the role of the student?
- The student will mainly observe
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The role of the student and the general tasks expected to be fulfilled by him/her during the GAP exchange: 1. To learn theoretical materials (lectures, seminars, etc.) on HIV endemic disease; 2. After theoretical part of research exchange to carry out campaign works among youth with tutors and SCOPH team of LC-SMU; 3. To carry out interview of population about HIV infection awareness (epidemiology, prevention, etc.); 4. To conduct sanitary educational works, like HIV preventive actions in public places under a control of tutors of the department of infectious diseases and immunology; 5. To work in the conditions of the laboratory, and also in hospital of Semey AIDs center; 6. To collect statistic data and to do biostatistic analyses of this data; 7. To carry out sanitary educational works at the schools, colleges, universities, etc.; 8. Literature review.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Yes: lectures and seminars.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a scientific report
- The student will prepare an abstract
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
To prepare to theoretical part ➢ to read about HIV, ➢ to have minimal basic knowledge about HIV, ➢ diagnostic methods, ➢ epidemiology, ➢ to prepare to biostatistic analyses. ✓ Research skills (student have to do before research project or thesis, etc.); ✓ Basic laboratory work skills; ✓ Writing article skills. Student have to finish next subjects or have enough knowledge on them: ✓ Immunology; ✓ Epidemiology; ✓ Clinical subjects:
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
No
Hours
6
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
- Graduated students (less than 6 months)
Articles
- HIV infection is active and progressive in lymphoid tissue during the clinically latent stage of disease - Giuseppe Pantaleo; Cecilia Graziosi; James F. Demarest; Luca Butini; Maria Montroni; Cecil H. Fox; Jan M. Orenstein; Donald P. Kotler & Anthony S. Fauci;
- Past; present and future: 30 years of HIV research. - Unit of Regulation of Retroviral Infections; Institut Pasteur; 28 rue du Docteur Roux; Paris 75728; France.;
- Screening and diagnosis for HIV - Moyer VA; US Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for HIV: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2013;159(1):51-60. PMID: 23698354 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23698354.
- Young People and HIV/AIDS: Opportunity in Crisis - UNICEF.; Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS.
- All about HIV here https://aidsinfo.nih.gov/ ;