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Manufacturing of anatomical preparations by the method of polymeric embalming
Kazakhstan (KazMSA) - Astana Medical University, AMU, Astana, Kazakhstan
Department of human anatomy with operative surgery, JSC Astana Medical University, Astana, Beybіtshіlіk, 49A, Z10K9D9
d.m.s., Professor Aubakirov Ashim Bulatovich .
c.m.s., Assistant Professor, Khamidulin Bolat Sagdatovich , Shayakhmetov Dulat Armanuly .
Required: English Accepted: English, Kazakh, Russian.
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Polymeric embalming with silicone gives the opportunity to obtain volumetric preparations of different sizes. The manufactured samples have a natural appearance, they have sufficient flexibility and strength. For the manufacture of anatomical and zoological preparations by the method of polymeric embalming (plastination) uses silicones (epoxy and polyester resins), which are widely used in plastic surgery. In contrast to anatomic preparations fixed with formalin, the products of plastination are completely harmless to health, they have a high resistance and can be stored in the air without preservеtive treatment for hundreds of years.
What is the aim of the project?
The aim of the project is to minimize the harmful effects of aggressive and poisonous substances such as formalin, xylene, toluene, phenol, acetone, methanol, which are used in the treatment of bone and cadaveric material. We aim to produce the anatomical preparations by polymeric embalming without toxic effects, without harmful action for student’s, professional and teaching staff’s health.
What techniques and methods are used?
Stages of polymeric embalming: 1) Fixation: the basis is the high quality of preparation, we’ve to give the correct anatomical position to the preparations. The fixator inactivates tissue enzymes, prevents the decomposition of tissues and does not create obstruction for the polymerization of silicone. 2) Dehydration of preparations with ethyl alcohol with increasing concentration. 3) Defatting of preparations. 4) Polymeric embalming in a vacuum chamber. Methods: Using of a freezer with regulated temperature, a vacuum chamber, a vacuum pump with an oil trap, a pressure regulator, a compressor. Dissection. Deletion of adipose tissue to isolate the needed structures, thereby improving the demonstrative properties of the preparation . Introduction to the bloodstream of stained silicone.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will mainly observe
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The student will prepare separate organs, make conduction of preparations in ethyl alcohol with increasing concentration: 1) Fixation of preparations in the correct anatomical position. The fixator inactivates tissue enzymes, prevents the decomposition of tissues and does not create obstruction for the polymerization of silicone. 2) Dehydration of preparations with ethyl alcohol with increasing concentration. 3) Defatting of preparations. 4) Polymeric embalming in a vacuum chamber. He (she) during the process will explore the vertex assigned to him, or chosen by him. As it was said the fixation is needed in order that the organ does not decompose and nothing impedes the conductivity of silicone, and here there are toxic effects. We create non-toxic anatomical preparations for teaching and learning
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
The student will receive theoretical teaching (practical lessons)
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation - The student will prepare a scientific report - The student’s name will be mentioned in a future publication - The student will have the opportunity to present the results together with the supervisor at a conference
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Knowledge of normal human anatomy.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months) - Pre-Medical students from the American-British system - Dental medicine students (IADS members)
- Polymeric embalming is an innovative method in the teaching of morphological disciplines. Aubakirov A.B.; Khamidulin B.S.; Sisabekov K.E.; Maul’ Y.Y.; Sekeykhan B.; Shlibekov D.A.; Sharmenov A.A;. Morphology and Evidence-Based Medicine 2014 P 14-16.
- Innovative method in teaching human anatomy - Polymeric embalming. Aubakirov A.B.; Dosmambetova K.K; Khamidulin B.S.; Maul’ Y.Y. P 95-97.
- Gunther Von Hagens' Body Worlds: The Anatomical Exhibition of Real Humanitarian bodies
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