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Cycling patterns and exposure: A naturalistic study
Spain (IFMSA Spain) - University of Granada, Granada
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
Miguel García Martín
Daniel Molina Soberanes
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Cycling is increasing all over the world. Unfortunately, cycling patterns are different from one country to another, and mobility studies are scarce, with very few cohort studies published, and relying mainly on questionnaires. In fact, even when helmet use have proven to decrease the risk of head injury of even death after a crash, it is not widely used by commuters in most countries. Naturalistic approaches have been already used to understand factors related to the behavior of cyclists, but with several limitations, including researches with just a few participants, or information collected through a very limited period of time. Therefore, there is an urgent need of cohort studies through a wider period, including information collected to analyze cycling patterns, behaviour and exposure in a naturalistic way, along with usual sociodemographic data.
What is the aim of the project?
To identify cycling patterns, behavior and exposure, as well as associated factors to injuries and/or cycling accidents, through analyzes of data obtained in a naturalistic way.
What techniques and methods are used?
We will analyze data obtained from automatized devices held by participants over a period of time. Participant´s recruitment would be a prior stage in our project. They will have to sign up the informed consent, and fill up an initial questionnaire. The automatized devices will collect the information to be analyzed at the end of the period. We will compute distances, times and speeds from raw GPS data, and compare results between different groups based on helmet use, sociodemographic information and previous injuries reported, using T-Test for independent samples. Bibliographic research will be done in all stages.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
It would depend on student´s background and expertise. Students could try to recruit participants, making first contact with them through workshops hold on different locations, or one-by-one at bicycle parkings, helping them to fill up the initial questionnaire, and to sign up the informed consent; OR they could do bibliographic research and management of their results (either on cohort studies among cyclist, or on other devices used to collect data in a naturalistic way).
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Preliminary readings, depending on background and previous expertise from students
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- No specific outcome is expected
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Personal communication / bibliographic research
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months) - Pre-Medical students from the American-British system - Students in biomedical fields
- Tavares; R.; Staggemeier; R.; Borges; A.; Rodrigues; M.; Castelan; L.; Vasconcelos; J.; Anschau; M. and Spalding; S. (2011). Molecular techniques for the study and diagnosis of parasite infection. Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases; 17(3); pp.239-248.
- Dozza; M. and Werneke; J. (2014). Introducing naturalistic cycling data: What factors influence bicyclists’ safety in the real world?. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour; 24; pp.83-91.
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