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Comparison Between Different Methods Measuring Intraocular Pressuret (Benha University)
Egypt (IFMSA-Egypt) - Benha Faculty of medicine, Benha
Ophthalmology Department, Benha University Hospitals.
Professor Dr. Ashraf Alshayeb
Theory, Research, Fieldwork: Dr. Gehad Hassan Youssef
Type of Research Project
- Global Action Project (GAP)
What is the background of the project?
Glaucoma is a progressive optic neuropathy in which increased intraocular pressure is the main risk factor. It is the leading cause of global irreversible blindness. Unfortunately, approximately 10% of people with glaucoma who receive proper treatment still experience loss of vision. Therefore, it is very important to diagnose glaucoma properly and measure intraocular pressure, the main risk factor, precisely.
What is the aim of the project?
The student will learn skills important for the diagnosis of glaucoma, including measuring intraocular pressure by different methods, examining the eye by slit lamp, examining the optic disc of the patient, co-relating the results of these examinations, and interpreting them to finally be able to diagnose a case of glaucoma.
What techniques and methods are used?
Different methods of measuring intraocular pressure will be compared. They include Goldman Applanation Tonometry, Schiotz Indentation Tonometry, Air Puff Tonometry, and the Tonopen. Other techniques that will be performed include full ophthalmological examination of the patients, like visual acuity measurement, slit lamp examination, pupil examination, gonioscopy, and fundus examination. Other investigations like perimetry or ocular coherence topography (OCT) of optic nerve will be performed if needed.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks will be done under supervision
- If the project is clinical
- the student will take active part in the clinical examination
- If the project is clinical
- the student will be allowed to work with patients
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The student will learn the basic details and information about glaucoma. The student will be able to differentiate between different types of glaucoma. The student will learn skills important for the diagnosis of glaucoma, including measuring intraocular pressure by different methods, examining the eye by slit lamp, examining the optic disc of the patient, co-relating the results of these examinations, and interpreting them to finally be able to diagnose a case of glaucoma. The student will know different types of instruments used to measure intraocular pressure like air puff, applanation tonometry, and indentation tonometry; and will be able to use these instruments him/herself. The student will get a general idea about the medical decisions that taken for different glaucoma patients. Measuring intraocular pressure by different methods, examining the eye by slit lamp, examining the optic disc of the patient, co-relating these examination results and interpreting them to be finally able to diagnose a case of glaucoma.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a scientific report
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Student should have studied and covered the basic ophthalmology curriculum.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months)
- Mansouri K; Medeiros FA; Weinreb RN. Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec; 43(9):787-95; Epub 2015 Aug 16
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