Epidemiology of glaucoma in the capital of Vojvodina, Serbia
Serbia (IFMSA-Serbia) - University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad
University Eye Clinic, KC Vojvodina Medical faculty, University of Novi Sad Hajduk Veljkova 3, Novi Sad.
Prof. dr Vladimir Canadanovic
Prof. dr Nikola Babic
4 weeks
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
No No No No No No Yes Yes No No No No
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Glaucoma is leading cause of irreversible blindness in Europe. There are many risk factors for glaucomatous optic neuropathy, but the two most consistent of which appear to be are intraocular pressure (IOP) and age. Controlling IOP has been the primary focus of glaucoma treatment. Direct correlation between extent of visual field loss and the level of pretreatment IOP have been found to be weak for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Stronger correlation between visual field loss and IOP have been seen in pseudoexfoliative glaucoma. Major risk factors for glaucoma blindness are the severity of the disease at presentation and life expectancy. Patients with severe functional loss or younger patients with manifest disease should have more aggressive treatment including filtration surgery.
What is the aim of the project?
The aim of this project is to collect information about factors related to glaucoma disease at the time of surgery in the city of Novi Sad, capital of Vojvodina province, Serbia.
What techniques and methods are used?
1. Collecting the patients who underwent glaucoma filtration procedures with open-angle glaucoma in city of Novi Sad. 2. The following variables were selected: age, sex, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure on last visit (IOP), visual field indices such as mean deviation (MD), pattern standard deviation (PSD), number of active antiglaucoma drugs, glaucoma type and surgical procedures. 3. Analyze the factors that directly determine the decision for glaucoma filtering surgery.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
- understanding the mechanism of glaucoma -assessing the stage of visual field loss -Understanding the importance of the level of intraocular pressure in patients on antiglaucoma medications -Getting the knowledge when is the right time for glaucoma filtering procedures -statistical analysis of obtained results; working in SPSS package program 20; Chi square test, Odds ratio, confidence interval.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
First week will be organize to prepare the student for practical work in outpatient’s department by literature readings and by observation.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- No specific outcome is expected
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Required skills are the knowledge of good clinical practice and clinical examination (external examination, visual acuity, pupils, extraocular motility and alignment).
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
- Quigley H; Broman AT. The number of people with glaucoma worldwide in 2010 and 2020. Br J Ophthalmol. 2006;90(3):262–7.