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Preparticipation screening of elite athletes : detection of cardiovascular disease
Serbia (IFMSA-Serbia) - University of Belgrade, Belgrade
Department of Sports Medicine Institute of Medical Physiology, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Medicine, Visegradska 26/II 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
Prof Sanja Mazic (Sport) Prof Ljiljana Scepanovic (Physiology)
Prof Sanja Mazic Prof Dejan Nesic
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project with Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
The first association when we discuss about the participants in sports competitions at all levels, especially regarding to the elite athletes, is that they represent the healthiest members of the human community. It is well known that the physical effort to which they are exposed, represents the maximal effort for them, regardless of the sport discipline. This is the reason why they are obliged, in every six months, to perform sports medical examination, which is legally regulated regarding to the extent, timing and content.
What is the aim of the project?
The aim is to collect and analyze data that we get from preparticipation screening of athletes in order to detect the ones at risk primarily of sudden cardiac death
What techniques and methods are used?
Taking medical history, doing physical examination, anthropometry, ECG (electrocardiography), Spirometry, Ergospirometry, Motoric testing
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The students are expected to help doctors by performing measurements of physiological variables as well as body high, body weight, heart rate, ECG, blood pressure, spirometry, ergospirometry, motoric testing (speed, strength, agility, etc). Students should acquire knowledge about the most important methods for athletic testing and biomechanical and physiological diagnoses. This includes the usage of appropriate devices and tools from motion capturing techniques via gas exchange analyses to isokinetic strength measurements. Students should get to know diagnostic tools for physical performance to use in sports and clinical environments. The accompanying tutorial provides the opportunity to familiarize themselves with the practical and effective application of the introduced testing methods and diagnostic tools.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
ppt presentation and journal club
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare an abstract - The student will have the opportunity to present the results together with the supervisor at a conference
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Basic knowledge on the subject Subjects passed: preclinical subjects
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months)
- De Vos L; De Sutter J. A comparison of the European Society of Cardiology; the Seattle and the Refined Criteria for interpreting the athlete's ECG in a pre-participation screening programme. Acta Cardiol. 2016;71(6):631-637
- Chatard JC; Mujika I; Goiriena JJ; Carré F. Screening young athletes for prevention of sudden cardiac death: Practical recommendations for sports physicians. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2016 Apr;26(4):362-74
- Fritsch P; Pozza RD; Ehringer-Schetitska D; Jokinen E; Herceg V; Hidvegi E; Oberhoffer R; Petropoulos A. Cardiovascular pre-participation screening in young athletes: Recommendations of the Association of European Paediatric Cardiology - CORRIGENDUM. Cardiol Young. 2018 Jan 10:1. doi: 10.1017/S1047951117002700.
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