Projects
Name
Impact of orthognathic surgery on obstructive sleep apnea syndrome
University
Catalonia (AECS) - Catalan International University (UIC), Barcelona
Domain
Anatomy
Departement
Maxilofacial Institute TEKNON Barcelona
Head
Federico Hernandez Alfaro
Tutor
Adaia Valls
Languages
Required: English Accepted: Spanish
Duration
4 weeks
Availability
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
yes yes yes yes yes yes yes No yes yes yes yes
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
The Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is a potentially serious sleep disorder. It causes breathing to repeatedly stop and start during sleep. The gold standard test to diagnose the sleep apnea syndrome is the polysomnography. It is well known that certain orthognathic surgery movements can cause an increase in the airway volume. We want to verify whether this airway volume increase influences the number of apneas that the patient may have during sleep. We want to measure the impact of the orthognathic surgery on the apnea index when we increase or decrease the airway's volume.
What is the aim of the project?
The aim of the project is to demonstrate whether the orthognathic surgery movements could modify the patient’s index apnea during the sleep.
What techniques and methods are used?
Conventional orthognathic surgery, CBCT (Cone Beam Computed Tomography: a low radiation scanner),polysomnography. It involves measuring the skeletal and airway changes of the CBCTs using the Dolphin software, analyzing the polysomnography data and the characteristics of the surgery. Collect all the variables in a data collection table and then, analyze them.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The student will have to fill out a data collection notebook. The student will also make measurements on CBCTs of the airway volume, the amount of movement of the jaws and the stability of both the volume and jaws movement. He will also have the chance to visit the operating room when surgeries will be carried out.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
The teacher will provide some days of theoretical classes.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- No specific outcome is expected
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Interest
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Yes
Sign a confidentiality agreement.
Hours
6
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
- Graduated students (less than 6 months)
- Pre-Medical students from the American-British system
- Students in biomedical fields
- Dental medicine students (IADS members)
Articles
- https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26779903