Projects
Name
[Sousse]Study of excess weight in kindergarten, Sousse Tunisia
University
Tunisia (ASSOCIA-MED) - University of Sousse/ Faculty of Medecine of Sousse, Sousse
Domain
Epidemiology
Departement
Department of Epidemiology – Farhat Hached university hospital of Sousse, Tunisia
Head
Pr. Hassen Ghannem
Tutor
Pr. Hassen Ghannem / Dr. Jihene Maatoug
Languages
English, French
Duration
4 weeks
Availability
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
No yes yes yes No No yes yes yes yes yes No
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Following the mounting pressure of globalization, overweight became a spread-out affliction throughout the world. In 2014, UNICEF registered an estimated 41 million overweight children amongst the reported 667 million under 5 worldwide, with an expected prevalence of 9.1% by 2020. Long-term energy imbalance is the root generator of these figures, which is modulated by Energy Balance-Related Behaviors, thus targeting them is key for establishing efficient interventions. This situation needs to be monitored particularly in developing countries where the epidemiological transition is very fast. Local data about prevalence of obesity in emerging countries are rather scarce. Risk factors for obesity, well known in most industrialized countries, are poorly understood in Tunisia. Prevalence of overweight, weight for height (% of children under 5) in Tunisia was 14.30 as of 2012. Its highest value over the past 38 years was 25.40 in 1994, while its lowest value was 1.40 in 1997.
What is the aim of the project?
The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of obesity among pre-school children in Sousse Tunisia and to know obesity risk factors in preschool children.
What techniques and methods are used?
Contact the directors, the teachers of kindergartens.  Obtain consent from parents.  Collect data from parents and take weight and high from children: 1- Describe eating habits in preschool children reported by parents 2- Describe physical activity habit in preschool children reported by parents  To examine if both parents and kindergarten teachers weight status are significantly associated with the risk of overweight in young children.  Data capture and analysis: by working essentially on SPSS, which is a software used for this matter.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The project is actually in the stage of data analysis. The student is supposed to participate in this phase. He/she will have training on literature search, basic data analysis and how to prepare an oral presentation. After this training, the student will work on the database to analyse data according to a specific aim that will be fixed with his tutor. Then he/she will present these data and discuss them according to the literature. The student will learn how to use Statistics included in the base software : SPSS :  Descriptive statistics: Cross tabulation, Fréquencies, Descriptives, Explore, Descriptive Ratio Statistics  Bivariate statistics: Means, t- test, ANOVA, Correlation (bivariate, partial, distances), Nonparametric tests.  Prediction for numerical outcomes: Linear regression  Prediction for identifying groups: Factor analysis, cluster analysis (two-step, K-means, hierarchical), Discriminant.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Yes, if the student is not familiar with data analysis and biostatistics, readings or lectures would be provided.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
No specific skills, he/she will have a training if needed
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
No
Hours
6
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
- Graduated students (less than 6 months)
- Pre-Medical students from the American-British system
Articles
- Silvia Scaglioni; Michela Salvioni; and Cinzia Galimberti. Influence of parental attitudes in the development of children eating behaviour. British Journal of Nutrition; 99(S1):S22– S25; 2008