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Epidemiological project in public health with emphasis on communicable diseases and noncommunicable diseases.
International University of the Americas
Subarea of Epidemiological Surveillance
Dra. Xiomara Badilla Vargas
Dra. Xiomara Badilla Vargas
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
The Epidemiological Surveillance Subarea recognizes the importance of future medical practitioners to participate in public health programs to understand public health issues and the role of national and international organizations in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other health topics. The principal objective of this project is to inform the students about the contagious diseases in Costa Rica and world wide, and then inculcate experience and knowledge about them. With this project we are giving the chance to the students to have influence in the National Health System and the Costa Rican Social Insurance by making field investigations and realizing if each disease if being well treated inside Costa Rica and world wide and with the investigations give suggestions about how they think that the diseases will be better treated.
What is the aim of the project?
Expose the participants the work and objectives of public health with emphasis on communicable diseases and non-communicable diseases, and to increase their knowledge and understanding of the mission of Health Surveillance.
What techniques and methods are used?
In this sense, the Program of Practices and Internships (PPP) of the Subarea of Epidemiological Surveillance, aims to receive trainees in health care who are interested in providing services to the Costa Rican Social Insurance on a voluntary basis. National or international interns are incorporated into administrative or technical programs based on their personal skills and interests. Location opportunities include the Headquarters of the Office of the Epidemiological Surveillance Subarea at the CCSS. The techniques applied by the students will be all the techniques related to field investigation. They will be part of a investigation group that will investigate olf projects, take samples (by interviews or by observation), analize the information collected and then give the results with suggestions about how to make better the National Health System and the Costa Rican Social Insurance.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will mainly observe
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
1. Systematic reviews of medical literature on the selected topic of research on communicable and non-communicable diseases. 2. Example: chronic diseases, which tend to be long-lasting and result from the combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioral factors such as Cardiovascular diseases, strokes, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes. 3. Communicable deseases. Example: Sexually Transmitted Disease, Hepatitis B, HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, Zika, Measles. 4. Approach of observational research protocols 5. Analysis of databases of information collected from all class A hospitals in Costa Rica, mainly from the province of San Jose. 6. Elaboration of technical reports on the information collected 7. Presentation of epidemiological topics in sessions 8. Seminars, Conferences. 9. It is important to define practice: it is an agreement between the EMA and a person (volunteer) whose experience and professional background would allow him / her to make a contribution to the work of a technical program, could be authorized to carry out specific activities of In the Sub-area of Epidemiological Surveillance of the Costarican Social Insurance, under the supervision of a staff member. Practices (volunteers) last between four weeks to eight weeks.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a poster - The student will prepare a presentation
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Previous experience with: __Biostatistics’, Epidemiology, System information, Excel, Power point, word and other tool statistic’s ( Epi INFO, SPSS, Stata)
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months)
- www.ccss.sa.cr. vigilancia epidemiologica
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