Projects
Name
The utilization of non-invasive cerebral stimulation for smoking cessation
University
Université Laval
Domain
Neurology
Departement
Research center IUSMQ
Head
Shirley Fecteau
Tutor
Emmanuelle Renauld
Languages
English
Duration
4 weeks
Availability
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project with Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
The use of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been explored to alleviate symptoms in various clinical populations, including depression and substance use disorders. For instance, recent studies have reported promising results for different substances such as tobacco, alcohol and cocaine. More specifically, active as compared to sham tDCS applied over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex reduced craving levels and substance use, such as tobacco smoking. However, there is not much in the literature on whether tDCS could contribute to smoking cessation.
What is the aim of the project?
-
What techniques and methods are used?
-
What is the role of the student?
- The student will mainly observe
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
-
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
1
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- No specific outcome is expected
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Punctuality, organization, scientific rigor
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
No
Hours
7
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
Articles
- Electroencephalographic characterization of cigarette smoking behaviour; Verner J. Knott*; Department of Psychiatry; University of Ottawa; Ottawa; Ontario; Canada K1H 8L6 Institute of Mental Health Research; Royal Ottawa Hospital; Ottawa; Ontario; Canada K1Z 7K4
- Cortical Stimulation of the Prefrontal Cortex With Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Reduces Cue-Provoked Smoking Craving: A Randomized; Sham- Controlled Study
- Brain reactivity to emotional; neutral; and cigarette-related stimuli in smokers Francesco Versace; Jennifer A. Minnix; Jason D. Robinson; Cho Y. Lam; Victoria L. Brown; and Paul M. Cinciripini; Department of Behavioral Science; The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center; Houston; TX; USA
- Transcranial Direct Current Brain Stimulation Increases Ability to Resist Smoking Mary Falcone;*; Leah Bernardo; Rebecca L. Ashare; Roy Hamilton; Olufunsho Faseyitan; Sherry A. McKee; James Loughead; Caryn Lerman
- Non-invasive Brain Stimulation for the Treatment of Nicotine Addiction: Potential and Challenges Li-Zhuang Yang; Zhiyu Yang; Xiaochu Zhang