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Saude.Come (Healthy.Eating) ? Promoting Food Security
Portugal ( PorMSIC) - Nova University of Lisbon, Lisbon
Global Health and Neglected Diseases
EpiDoC Unit, CEDOC - CHRONIC DISEASES RESEARCH CENTER Campus SantAna Polo de Investigacao, NMS, UNL Rua Camara Pestana, no6 1150-082 Lisboa, Portugal
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project with Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Nutritional status is a key indicator of health, as well as of social and economic conditions. There are clear differences in health and nutritional status between different populations groups, namely due to social and economic factors. During the last years, the reduction of health inequalities has become a priority action for health policies at the European level. Within the scope of food and nutrition policies, the reduction of health inequalities is closely linked with the guarantee of food security. The new WHO’s European Food and Nutrition Action Plan (2015-2020) established the reduction of inequalities in access to healthy food as a priority goal for food and nutrition policies in the European context. In fact, rates of food insecurity have been rising worldwide. Food insecurity is shown to be associated with poor self-rated health, and several non-communicable chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, fibromyalgia and osteoporosis. Research on food insecurity and health-related conditions among older adults is limited. Furthermore, less is known about the effectiveness of interventions to reduce food insecurity and to improve the nutritional status among elderly populations.
What is the aim of the project?
The Project Saúde.Come.Senior will analyse dietary patterns, lifestyle behaviours and health outcomes in pre-existing Portuguese (EpiReumaPt - Epidemiological Study of Rheumatic Diseases in Portugal) and Norwegian (HUNT - The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study) cohorts’ studies (large-scale population samples).
What techniques and methods are used?
We will perform a survey on food insecurity through a computer assisted interview phone call in CoReumaPt (Portuguese Cohort of Rheumatic Diseases) population in order to assess household food insecurity and its determinants using acquired knowledge in the previous steps, we will implement an intervention program for elder people on diet and physical activity, using new informative and communication technologies, diffused trough a TV application.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
To be discussed with the student upon its arrival, as it will depend on the stage of the project at the moment of the arrival. However, the incoming student may take part in the data collection through the survey we perform on food insecurity with the help of a computer assisted interview phone call in CoReumaPt population. After that, we may ask the student to prepare a database with the information collected in Microsoft Excel and do some statistical analysis. All work will be done with supervision. However, depending on the experience and understanding about the tools used, the student will be able to perform some of them alone.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
It depends on the task given and the stage of our project at the time of the student's arrival. Nevertheless, it is expected that the student will acquire basic knowledge concerning database researches, data analyse and interpretation, using various software to perform statistical inferences. As we aim to examine the association of dietary patterns and socioeconomic, demographic and other lifestyle factors, non-communicable diseases, anxiety and depression and quality of life in the adult Portuguese population, there are multiple variables to take into account and data to be processed.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- No specific outcome is expected
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Depends on the task, but interest in epidemiology and clinical research, as well as ITC is desirable.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students
- Rodrigues; AM; Gouveia; N; Costa; LP; Eusebio;M; Ramiro; S; Machado; P; Mourao; AF; Silva; I; Laires P; Sepriano; A; Araujo; F; Coelho; PS; Goncalves; S; Zhao; A; Fonseca; JE; Almeida; JMC; Tavares; V; Silva; JAP; Barros; H; Cerol; J; Mendes; J; Carmona; L; Canhao; H; Branco; JC. EpiReumaPt- the study of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases in Portugal: a detailed view of the methodology. Acta Reumatol Port; 2015. 40(2): p. 110-24
- Branco JC; Rodrigues AM; Gouveia N; et al. Prevalence of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases and their impact on healthrelated quality of life; physical function and mental health in Portugal: results from EpiReumaPt? a national health survey. RMD Open 2016;2:e000166. doi:10.1136/rmdopen-2015- 000166
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