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Epidemiological Characterization Of Burning Victims In The State Of Amapa, Attended At The Emergency Hospital
Universidade Federal do Amapa (UNIFAP)
Dept of Biological and Health Sciences, Universidade Federal do Amapa, Rod. JK Km 02 s/n, 68903-419, Universidade, Macapa, AP, Brazil.
Dr. Marlucilena Pinheiro da Silva
Amanda Alves Fecury
English, Spanish and Portuguese
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Burns are injuries caused by heat sources, usually restricted to the skin. Its degree of importance and severity varies according to its origin, and can be classified in different ways, be it by depth of this lesion or causative agent. Burning is considered a public health problem that affects the social and psychological spheres and can lead to death and has a significant economic impact on the public sector. This type of injury is costly for the state and its treatment is often not done effectively. The search for the epidemiological profile of burn victims in the State of Amapa could contribute to the elaboration of educational policies and the improvement of health care services in order to prevent these types of accidents.
What is the aim of the project?
The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence, prevalence and therapeutic costs of burn victims at the Hospital de Emergencias (HE) in the State of Amapa, located in the municipality of Macapa, from 2012 to 2016. Specifical aims: To quantify the overal total of HE care in the period from 2012 to 2016 and the total number of burn victims, establishing the rate / proportion of these visits. / Characterize epidemiologically (cases of burns, recorded in the period from 2012 to 2016, sex, age, causes, burned body surface, burn degree, length of stay and mortality). / Estimate the hospitalization costs of the patients registered during the period evaluated.
What techniques and methods are used?
CHARACTERIZATION OF THE STUDY: A descriptive, retrospective study will be carried out with a quantitative approach. SAMPLE AND PLACE OF STUDY:Patients will be included in the study burn victims, attended at the Hospital of Emergencies (HE) of Macapá, Amapá, in the period from 2012 to 2016. The HE is a medium-sized hospital, according to the classification of Decree n ° 76.973 / 75 and type II, according to Administrative Rule GM / MS No. 479, of April 15, 1999, which has an emergency / emergency unit and resources Technological and human resources suitable for general clinical and surgical care. This hospital belongs to the state public network and its specialty is urgency and emergency of medium complexity. It has services of traumatology, surgeries, ambulatory care, hospitalizations, laboratory exams, X-ray, tomography, intensive treatment, besides a reference unit for burned. Its hospitalization capacity is 101 beds in wards, 06 beds in the Treatment Center of Burns (CTQ), 04 beds in intensive care unit (ICU) and 02 beds of semi-ICU. The CTQ of the HE is the only one in the entire State and receives patients from the 16 municipalities and also from the riverside areas of the Paraense islands. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Data collection will be done by documentary, by the analysis of medical records and HE records. The data will be tabulated in Microsoft Excel 2010 spreadsheets for further analysis, graphing and / or tables. If necessary, to analyze the results, the computer program Bio Estat 5.0 (AYRES, AYRES JÚNIOR, 2008) will be used and the statistical significance will take into account the alpha level of 5%. ETHICAL ASPECTS: The study will be submitted for evaluation by the Research Ethics Committee, according to resolution 422/2012 of the National Health Council (CNS). The multiprofessional approach of the burned patient will offer assistance in all areas of their care, in addition to reducing the chance of occurrence of damages to the physical and psychic dimension of the human being, at any stage of this research, and from it, since the patient should Receive appropriate care for their condition, addressing from the physical damage to the emotional aspects of pain resulting from the injury. Social disruptions are reflected in the invasion of privacy of information related to patients and their socioeconomic conditions. Nevertheless, the evaluations will be closely monitored by the research team and the information will be treated in a secretive manner. No harm associated with or resulting from the research - immediate or late harm, to the individual or to the community, with a direct or indirect causal link, may be due to the proposed scientific study. Regarding physical, chemical, biological and ergonomic risks, in addition to accidents in the working environment of the professionals involved, appropriate precautions should be taken to avoid them.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will mainly observe
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- If the project is clinical
- the student will take active part in the clinical examination
- If the project is clinical
- the student will be allowed to work with patients
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
At the first moment, the student must have prior knowledge about "burns" and "biosafety”. He will participate in several moments of the research, will get in touch with the data obtained (the students of the research group are in charge of updating the student about what has already been done) and with an analysis of the secondary data, removed from the system. For this to occur, the student must develop hability to work in groups and try to stay informed of the whole process. He also must have analytical skills (which can be developed throughout the project with group work). Finally, more data will be collected as patients are being treated at outpatient clinics and the student will have direct contact with them, collecting the necessary data, doing anamneses and physical examination (under supervision). He will also follow evolution, treatment and outcome, always under the supervision of the attending physician.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
No. It´s necessary a previous knowledge.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Subjects passed: anatomy, microbiology and epidemiology
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months)
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