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Methods and techniques for the study and control of schistosomiasis in Pernambuco, northeast of Brazil.
Brazil (IFMSA-Brazil) - Faculdade Mauricio de Nassau, Recife
Laboratorio e Servico de Referencia em Esquistossomose. Department of Parasitology. Av. Professor Moraes Rego, s/n ? Cidade Universitaria ?CEP 50.740-465. Recife, Pernambuco - Brazil.
Constanca Simoes Barbosa
Wheverton Ricardo Correia do Nascimento
English, Spanish, Portuguese.
Type of Research Project
- Basic science
What is the background of the project?
DESCRIPTION: Schistosomiasis is an endemic disease in Brazil and causes high rates of morbimortality. The transmission of helminth Schistosoma mansoni occurs by contact with contaminated water with cercariae, and has been countered by malacological and epidemiological surveys and case management. However, it has not been enough to control this endemic disease. The infection is characterized in the acute and chronic phases. Hepatosplenic is the most severe clinical condition, and it may cause hepatosplenomegaly, ascites, digestive bleeding and death of patients. AIM: The aim of project is to apply the main techniques (malacology and parasitological examination, molecular biology and Geographic Information System (GIS) to assess the epidemiological situation and perform control of schistosomiasis in Pernambuco, Northeast of Brazil. USED TECHNIQUES: It will be used techniques for parasitological diagnosis as Kato-Katz, malacological diagnosis as exposure to light and dissection, nested PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) for diagnosis of snails and techniques of GIS Geographic Information System).
What is the aim of the project?
The aim of project is to apply the main techniques (malacology and parasitological examination, molecular biology and Geographic Information System - GIS) to assess the epidemiological situation and perform control of schistosomiasis in Pernambuco, Northeast of Brazil.
What techniques and methods are used?
It will be used techniques for parasitological diagnosis as Kato-Katz, malacological diagnosis as exposure to light and dissection, nested PCR for diagnosis of snails and techniques of GIS.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will mainly observe
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a poster - The student will prepare an abstract
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Parasitology and the knowledge to produce a summary to send to a congress
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students
- Teodosio VT; Do Nascimento WR; Nobrega CO; Melo TE; Araujo G; Fernandes ES; Goncales JP; Medeiros D; Barbosa CS; and De Souza VO. Investigation of the positivity profile for the skin prick test in children infected with parasites in the metropolitan region of Pernambuco; Northeast of Brazil. World Allergy Organization Journal20158(Suppl 1):A241 DOI: 10.1186/1939-4551-8-S1-A241
- Gomes EC; Leal-Neto OB; de Oliveira FJ Jr; Campos JV; Souza-Santos R; Barbosa CS. Risk analysis for occurrences of schistosomiasis in the coastal area of Porto de Galinhas; Pernambuco; Brazil. BMC Infect Dis. 2014 Feb 23;14:101. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-14-101.
- Barbosa CS; Barbosa VS; Nascimento WC; Pieri OS; Araujo KC. Study of the snail intermediate hosts for Schistosoma mansoni on Itamaraca Island in northeast Brazil: spatial displacement of Biomphalaria glabrata by Biomphalaria straminea. Geospat Health. 2014 May;8(2):345-51.
- Leal Neto OB; Gomes EC; Oliveira Junior FJ; Andrade R; Reis DL; Souza-Santos R; Bocanegra S; Barbosa CS. Biological and environmental factors associated with risk of schistosomiasis mansoni transmission in Porto de Galinhas; Pernambuco State; Brazil. Cad Saude Publica. 2013 Feb;29(2):357-67.
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