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[Ciudad de Mexico] Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation in Upper Extremity and Face
Universidad La Salle, Mexico City
Plastic Surgery. Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran. Mexico City, Mexico
Dr. Martin Iglesias-Morales
Dr. Martin Iglesias-Morales
English and Spanish
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project with Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Vascularized composite allotransplants, represent a cutting-edge surgical treatment for reconstruction of patients with upper extremity amputations or with severe facial deformities. Globally, there are only 22 teams working on this concept. Unlike other teams, the work done in this group, is mainly performed by medical students with ages between 18 and 23 years old and they belong to various universities. The rotating students work in group. They perform scientific bibliographical research, read medical articles related to the topic and update the current protocols. Students also develop medical work in social networks, design training manuals, perform anatomical dissections on cadavers and experimental surgery on animals. Through 10 years, these students boosted two bilateral upper limb transplants.
What is the aim of the project?
To perform upper extremity allotransplantation, including all structures in patients that had suffer a traumatic amputation at any anatomical level in order to offer them a better quality of life. To perform total or partial face transplantation in patients with facial defects in whom functional and aesthetic reconstruction haven
What techniques and methods are used?
With bibliographical research and medical articles related to the topic they update and improve the protocols. Learn the steps needed to study the potential candidate for a face transplant. Students also develop medical diffusion in social networks to attract potential candidates, design training manuals to develop surgical skills, perform anatomical dissections on cadavers and experimental surgery on animals.
What is the role of the student?
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
- The students will be integrated to one or more projects related to upper extremity or face transplantation by doing literature review - as well as experiments in the lab under the supervision of the tutor. They must prepare bibliographic session - lectures - one or two lectures according the program - mainly about anatomy - immunology - and surgery of the hand or face.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- No specific outcome is expected
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
At least 4 years of medical school. Background of being involved in a previous research project. Computer skills, dominate Office (Excel, Power Point, Word), PubMed research skills There are no legal limitations since the institute has the permission to work with animals and human body parts. However, the students requires a liability insurance in order to be able to participate in the project.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months)
- Iglesias M; Butron P; Moran-Romero M; et al. Bilateral forearm transplantation in Mexico: 2-year Outcomes. Transplantation. 2016; 100(1):233-8.
- Barret JP; Tomasello V. Face transplantation: Principles techniques and artistry. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015.
- Sosin M; Rodriguez ED. The Face Transplantation Update: 2016. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2016 Jun;137(6):1841-50
- Shores JT; Brandacher G; Lee WP. Hand and upper extremity transplantation: an update of outcomes in the worldwide experience. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015 Feb;135(2):351e-60e.
- Iglesias M; Butron P; Osuna-Leal AI; et al. Is Mexico ready for face transplantation? Transplant Proc 2015; 47(6): 1998-2002
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