Projects
Name
Functional analysis of cardiac ion channels under physiological and pathophysiological conditions.
University
Japan (IFMSA-Japan) - Shiga medical university, Shiga
Domain
Physiology
Departement
Physiology
Head
Hiroshi Matsuura
Tutor
Mariko Omatsu-Kanbe, Wei-Guang Ding, Futoshi Toyoda
Languages
English
Duration
4 weeks
Availability
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Type of Research Project
- Basic science
What is the background of the project?
We have been investigating the function of ion channels and transporters in the heart to clarify their roles in cardiac function by using electrophysiological, pharmacological and molecular biological methods. In addition, we have been conducting experiments to elucidate molecular basis for the regulation of ion channels by neurotransmitters, hormones, intracellular molecules and exogenous drugs that affect cardiac electrical activity. Specifically, we are currently conducting several research projects, such as i) Regulation of cardiac ion channels by intracellular signaling cascades; ii) Ionic mechanisms underlying sinoatrial (SA) node automaticity; iii) Molecular mechanisms underlying hereditary arrhythmias such as Long QT syndrome; iv) Cardioprotective action of volatile anesthetics.
What is the aim of the project?
We hope to provide new information to understand the physiological and pathophysiological roles of cardiac ion channels and to develop novel therapeutic strategies to treat various cardiac disorders.
What techniques and methods are used?
Electrophysiological (patch-clamp, Ca2+ imaging), molecular biological (site-directed mutagenesis and RT-PCR), morphological (immunocytochemistry, immunohistochemositry) and computer simulation methods.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The tasks are to 1) participate in our research project, 2) do the experiments, 3) analyze the results, and 4) discuss the experimental data with members of the project team. Theoretical Students are expected to summarize his/her experimental results to make a presentation at the scientific meeting and further to prepare the manuscript.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Theoretical teaching will be provided in our laboratory by our members, as required.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- No specific outcome is expected
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
In general, special skills are not required. There are no any legal limitatons in the student’s involvement in the project. For the use of students considering participating in the project.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
No
Hours
8
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
Articles
- Ding WG; Tano A; Mi X; Kojima A; Seto T; Matsuura H. Identification of verapamil binding sites within human Kv1.5 channel using mutagenesis and docking simulation. Cell Physiol Biochem 2019; 52:302-314.
- Sagawa H; Hoshino S; Yoshioka K; Ding WG; Omatsu-Kanbe M; Nakagawa M; Maruo Y; Matsuura H. Postnatal developmental changes in the sensitivity of L-type Ca2+ channel to inhibition by verapamil in a mouse heart model. Pediatr Res 2018;83:1207-1217.
- Bai JY; Ding WG; Kojima A; Seto T; Matsuura H. Putative binding sites for arachidonic acid on the human cardiac Kv1.5 channel. Br J Pharmacol 2015:172;5281-92.
- Kojima A; Ito Y; Ding WG; Kitagawa H; Matsuura H. Interaction of propofol with voltage-gated human Kv1.5 channel through specific amino acids within the pore region. Eur J Pharmacol 2015;764;622-32.
- Xie Y; Ding WG; Matsuura H. Ca2+/calmodulin potentiates IKs in sinoatrial node cells by activating Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II. Pflügers Arch 2015;467:241-51.
- Kojima A; Ito Y; Kitagawa H; Matsuura H. Ionic mechanisms underlying the negative chronotropic action of propofol on sinoatrial node automaticity in guinea pig heart. Br J Pharmacol 2015;172:799-814.
- Kojima A; Ito Y; Kitagawa H; Matsuura H; Nosaka S. Direct negative chronotropic action of desflurane on sinoatrial node pacemaker activity in the guinea pig heart. Anesthesiology 2014;120:1400-13.
- Kojima A; Kitagawa H; Omatsu-Kanbe M; Matsuura H; Nosaka S. Sevoflurane protects ventricular myocytes against oxidative stress-induced cellular Ca2+ overload and hypercontracture. Anesthesiology 2013;119:606-20.