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GAP: Associated factors to non-adherence to anti-tuberculosis treatment in patients of Hipolito Unanue National Hospital, Lima-Peru.
Universidad Privada San Juan Bautista
Department of Pulmonology. Hipolito Unanue National Hospital. Located in: Cesar Vallejo Avenue, El Agustino. Lima ? Peru.
Dr. Julio Alberto Mantilla Ramirez
Dr. Jorge Luis Gutierrez Gutierrez
Spanish English Portuguese
Type of Research Project
- Global Action Project (GAP)
What is the background of the project?
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious and contagious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It causes more than 2.5 million deaths each year in the world. According to the Ministry of health of Peru, hourly, four Peruvian citizens are diagnosed with TB. Each year are reported around 35 000 citizens with active TB, of which about 7 to 10% are produced by multiple drug-resistant mutant strains. For this reason, Peru is listed in the seventh place in the world among the countries with the biggest problem of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. One of the main reasons that increases drug-resistance rate is the non-adherence to antituberculosis treatment, which is the general objective of this project. Theoretical teaching What kind of theoretical teaching will be provided? Lectures Courses Seminars Other (Clinical Sessions) Location: Pulmonology Service of Hipolito Unanue National Hospital and classrooms of
What is the aim of the project?
Find the associated factors to non-adherence to anti-tuberculosis treatment in patients of Hipolito Unanue National Hospital, Lima-Peru.
What techniques and methods are used?
It is proposed an observational, descriptive, and prospective study. The student will collect data using a questionnaire. It will be composed of questions about socio-demographic characteristics, patient related; therapy or drug related information, social and health system/health provider related variables and pre-tested before the actual data collection. Having completed the collection, the student will collaborate in the analysis of data in Microsoft Excel and SPSS programs with the aim of building tables and figures. Also the student will help in the drafting of the final report of the research, which will have as basic structure: introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion. The student should have knowledge of tuberculosis and STATA, SPPS and/or Excel. It is important that the students have a lot of interest in the research and be able to communicate and understand Spanish and/or English. There are not legal aspects that could limit the participation of the students in the project. On the other hand, they will be in constant evaluation by the tutor. It is for this reason that is expected the proactivity of the student in the medical visits, clinical sessions and in the reports of the scientific articles assigned.
What is the role of the student?
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The students will be responsible for collecting the necessary information using a questionnaire built to identify associated factors to non-adherence to anti-tuberculosis treatment. Once completed the collection, the student will contribute in the analysis of the data, and in the drafting of some sections of the final report of the investigation. Likewise, the student will have the option of participating in the medical visits and clinical sessions with the tutor, and he will be part of the organization of health campaigns that will promote the prevention of tuberculosis.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Lectures Courses Seminars Other (Clinical Sessions) Location: Pulmonology Service of Hipolito Unanue National Hospital and classrooms of “Universidad Privada San Juan Bautista” Duration: From three (03) to six (06) Days
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a poster - The student will prepare a presentation - The student will prepare an abstract
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Preparation Preparation needed before the start of the exchange (for the theoretical part, research and fieldwork): For the fieldwork, the student should know which are the epidemiological factors that could contribute to a high rate of tuberculosis. It is important because it will make easier that the student detect the factors in the patients in their communities. About general preparation, the student should have lab coat and other things that could help to the biosecurity. Requirements What skills are required? Are there any legal limitations in the student
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months)
- 1. Adane AA; Alene KA; Koye DN; Zeleke BM (2013) Non-Adherence to Anti-Tuberculosis Treatment and Determinant Factors among Patients with Tuberculosis in Northwest Ethiopia. PLoS ONE 8(11): e78791. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0078791 Link: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/asset?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0078791.PDF
- 2. Culqui DR; Munayco CV; Grijalva CG; Cayla JA; Horna O; Alva K; et al. Factors associated with the non-completion of conventional anti-tuberculosis Treatment in Peru. Arch Bronconeumol. 2012; 48 (5): 150-155. doi: 10.1016/j.arbres.2011.12.008 Link: http://www.archbronconeumol.org/index.php?p=watermark&idApp=UINPBA00003Z&piiItem=S0300289612000075&origen=bronco&web=bronco&urlApp=http://www.archbronconeumol.org&estadoItem=S300&idiomaItem=es
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