Projects
Name
Peculiarities of diagnostics and treatment of acute disorders of cerebral circulation in individuals of young age
University
Russian Federation (HCCM Russia) - Ural State Medical Academy, Ekaterinburg
Domain
Neurology
Departement
Department of Neurology, neurosurgery and Medical Genetics of Ural State Medical University
Head
Prof. Larisa I. Volkova
Tutor
Dr.Ekaterina IU. Moskvina, Dr. Olga V.Tsyganenko
Languages
English
Duration
4 weeks
Availability
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
No No No No No No Yes No No No No No
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Stroke occupies a significant place in the structure of cerebrovascular diseases, affecting the world each year about six million people. The increase in the number of stroke patients is not only observed in recent decades "aging" population, but with the steady increase in the incidence of stroke among persons of young age (15-45 years, according to the who classification). The frequency of stroke in young in different populations ranges from 3 to 13% of all cases of stroke. Tendency to "rejuvenation" of stroke, a high percentage of disability in the able-bodied and promising part of the population determines the importance and relevance of the study of stroke in young adults. The aim of the project is to study the algorithms of diagnostics, clinical features and management of patients with acute disorders of cerebral circulation in the acute period and during early rehabilitation; characteristics of the etiology of strokes in young patients. Physical examination of patients in neurology unit and PCR - polymerase chain reaction in real time, MR I- Magnetic resonance imaging , CT ? Computer tomography scanning will be used as a methods.
What is the aim of the project?
The aim of the project is to study the algorithms of diagnostics, clinical features and management of patients with acute disorders of cerebral circulation in the acute period and during early rehabilitation; characteristics of the etiology of strokes in young patients.
What techniques and methods are used?
Clinical methods: Physical examination of patients in neurology unit Laboratory methods: PCR - polymerase chain reaction in real time Instrumental methods: MR I- Magnetic resonance imaging , CT – Computer tomography scanning
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
Participation in patients examination: - General Appearance, including posture, motor activity, vital signs and perhaps meningeal signs if indicated - Mini Mental Status Exam, including speech observation - Cranial Nerves, I through XII - Motor System, including muscle atrophy, tone and power - Sensory System, including vibration, position, pin prick, temperature, light touch and higher sensory functions - Reflexes, including deep tendon reflexes, clonus, Hoffman's response and plantar reflex - Coordination, gait and Rhomberg's Test , estimating results of laboratory tests, MRI, CT, questionnaire of patients, statistical analysis of data, using STATISTICA 6.0
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Yes: 1 seminar with discussion, 2 lectures
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a poster
- The student will prepare a presentation
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Basic knowledge in Neurology. Basic knowledge in statistical analysis. Basics of neurological examination.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
No
Hours
6
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
- Graduated students (less than 6 months)
Articles
- http://www.strokejournal.org/
- http://stroke.ahajournals.org/
- http://radiopaedia.org/search?utf8=%E2%9C%93&q=stroke&scope=all
- http://www.eso-stroke.org/eso-stroke/education/guidelines.html
- https://secure.trainingcampus.net/uas/modules/trees/windex.aspx?rx=nihss-english.trainingcampus.net