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Development of Individualized Health Literacy Programs to Promote Physical, Psychological and Social Health for Elderly People
Taiwan (FMS-Taiwan) - Taipei Medical University, Taipei
Biotechnologies and Informatics
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
English, Mandarin Chinese, Taiwanese
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Health Literacy (HL) is defined as the knowledge and ability to assess, understand, appraise and apply health-related information. Elderly people who have adequate HL can apprehend the health information, improve doctor-patient communication, facilitate self-efficacy, and empower self-management of their health. The aim of this research is to develop the individualized HL program to promote physical, psychological and social health for the elderly. We anticipate that this Geriatric HL platform will be feasible and efficient for enhancing geriatric HL and promoting comprehensive health.In addition, this individualized HL program will be successfully implemented at the local area/country of the exchange student to promote health for the elderly after this research exchange project in Taipei Medical University. The minimum length of duration is 1 month and the maximum length is 3 months.
What is the aim of the project?
This project has two primary objectives. The first aim is to explore and develop the core concepts and theoretical model of geriatric HL for health promotion with the reference of the integrated model of HL proposed by European Health Literacy Survey consortium. The second and ultimate aim is using an individualized HL programs to promote physical, psychological and social health for the elderly and examine the effectiveness of geriatric HL programs will significantly improve physical, psychological and social health in elderly people.
What techniques and methods are used?
The knowledge and skills of evidence-based medicine for literature review, cognitive interview for field survey, qualitative study for assessment of elders’ need, randomized controlled trial study for evaluation of the program effectiveness.
What is the role of the student?
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The main role of the student is to conduct a research programs to interview the participants and, provide the HL improvement interventions. International students can learn how to deliver, implement and present an evidence-based health promotion program intervening in elders..
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Yes, there will be several preliminary readings on Gerontology and Public Health domains, specific lectures on Geriatric Medicine issues, and seminars of research methods.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a poster - The student will prepare a presentation - The student will prepare a scientific report
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Some preliminary biostatics and public health courses are required. If the international students lackthe basic knowledge of Mandarin Chinese or Taiwanese to interview elders, we will arrange a tutor and other native medical student to assists. Students must also be willing and capable of communicating with the elderly. A scientific report is not demanded but is welcome.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months) - Pre-Medical students from the American-British system
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- Lee SY; Tsai TI; Tsai YW; Kuo KN. Health literacy; health status; and healthcare utilization of Taiwanese adults: results from a national survey. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:614.
- Sorensen K; Van den Broucke S; Fullam J; DoyleG; PelikanJ;SlonskaZ; BrandH; (HLS-EU) Consortium Health Literacy Project European. Health literacy and public health: a systematic review and integration of definitions and models. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:80.
- Smith J; Forster A; Young J; Cochrane Group for information provision afters. Cochrane review: information provision for stroke patients and their caregivers. ClinRehabil. 2009;23(3):195206.
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