Projects
Name
Comparation of invasive and non-invasive measurement of intracranial pressure in patients with intracranial brain injuries
University
Serbia (IFMSA-Serbia) - University of Nis, Nis
Domain
Neurosurgery
Departement
Neurosurgical Clinic, Clinical center Ni
Head
Prof. Dr. Neboj
Tutor
Prof. Dr. Neboj
Languages
English, Serbian, Croatian, Slovenian
Duration
4 weeks
Availability
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Projects focus is on setting up systems for parenchymatous measuring of intracranial pressure in patients with brain injury, and for non-invasive measurement of intracranial pressure. After measuring, a comparison is to be made, and then analysis of the pros and cons of the embedded systems.
What is the aim of the project?
A major cause of secondary brain ischemia is increased intracranial pressure (ICP). It accompanies a variety of pathological conditions, most notably, traumatic brain injury (TBI), stroke, and intracranial hemorrhages. In spite of this, monitoring ICP is a rare practice in the clinical management of patients with these conditions. Some of the reasons for this are: invasiveness of the standard monitoring methods (which require insertion of a catheter into the cranium), additional risks they present for patients, high costs associated with the procedure, limited access to trained personnel, i.e, a neurosurgeon. Therefore, noninvasive measurement methods of ICP have been sought out.
What techniques and methods are used?
Aim of the project is to explore the possibility of giving priority to the non- invasive measurement of intracranial pressure.
What is the role of the student?
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
Students will be directly involved in monitoring of all parameters. They include measurements from both invasive and non-invasive methods. This will be followed by evaluation of consciousness using the GCS scale. Students should fill in their logbooks and make a small power point presentation, briefly presenting what they learned during this month.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Before getting involved in the project, all students need to get familiar with the treatment of intracranial pressure. They could read some pappers or other available literature.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation
- No specific outcome is expected
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Only students who had lectures in neurosurgery are accepted. Students can use literature suggested by their own faculty on topic of neurosurgery, as well as any other literature involving measurement of intracranial pressure.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
No
Hours
6
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
- Graduated students (less than 6 months)
Articles
- Biselli-Ferreira C; Bassi E; Lucena L; Carreta H; Miranda LC; Tierno PF; et al. Measurement of intracranial pressure and short-term outcomes of patients with traumatic brain injury: A propensity-matched analysis. Rev Bras Ter Intensiva. 2015;27(4):315-21.
- Popovic D; Khoo M; Lee S. Noninvasive monitoring of intracranial pressure. Recent Pat Biomed Eng. 2009;2:165?79