Projects
Name
Assessment of adaptive capabilities of the organism according to the degree tension of regulatory systems
University
Kazakhstan (KazMSA) - Karaganda State Medical University, Karaganda
Domain
Physiology
Departement
Physiology
Head
d.m.s., Professor Mindubayeva Farida Anvarovna
Tutor
Associate Professor, Kharissova Nuriya Mansurovna c.m.s., Acting Ass. Professor of Department Physiology KSMU, Salikhova Yelena Yuryevna
Languages
English, Russian, Kazakh
Duration
4 weeks
Availability
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
No No No No No Yes No No No No No No
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project with Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Actual direction of fundamental and applied physiology and medicine is the study of mechanisms of regulation and functional interactions between regulatory systems. Under the influence of complex of external factors arises the general adaptation syndrome. Adaptation to the new conditions is the result of the mobilization of functional reserves and requires a certain amount of tension of regulatory systems. The most important life support system and an indicator of adaptive capacity is human cardiovascular system. The level of its of functioning is regarded as a leading indicator of the state of the whole organism and its balance with the environment. The possibility of obtaining prognostic information on the functional status and the features of adaptive reactions of the whole organism gives analysis of the cardiac rhythm regulation. This study includes evaluation of adaptation of the organism as an indicator of the level of health and assessment of the degree of tension of regulatory systems by analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) using modern clinical and diagnostic equipment: electrocardiograph, spirograph, pulseoximetry, bicycle ergometer, rheograph. Status of regulatory systems is determined by the indicators of heart rate variability, the analysis of key performance indicators cardiointervalography: M, IC, Mo, Amo, BP (blood pressure) and derived indicators: CDF (vegetative speed Index), IVR (vegetative balance index), IN (index of regulatory systems tension) PAPER (adequacy of regulatory processes measure).
What is the aim of the project?
The aim of the project is to design and scientific substantiation of methodical bases of system evaluation degrees tension of the regulatory systems of the human body using the method of analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) to identify promptly and assess the functional state of the organism on the verge of norm and pathology.
What techniques and methods are used?
After the theoretical course - student will independently record the electrocardiogram (ECG) in a multi-stage sample with dosage physical activity by using the program "Poly-Spectrum" at registration - ECG interpretation and the creation of the survey protocol; register rheoencephalography and reovazography; study ventilation of the lung using a spirometer "Spiro C-100"; and analyze the results.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
Skills required, level of studies, legal limitations : - Have the required knowledge about the normal physiology; - Have a basic knowledge about the regulatory systems of the body, health, healthy lifestyle; - Be able to use a special scientific and reference literature on the evaluation of adaptation capabilities of the organism; - Have the skills to interpret the data obtained in the course of research work; - To be able to continue using mastered techniques (spirometry, electrocardiography, heart rate variability (HRV), and rheoencephalography rheovasography); - To be able to report about the results obtained at the student conference. Legal restrictions on the student's involvement in the project are not available.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Yes
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a poster
- The student will prepare a presentation
- The student will prepare a scientific report
- The student will prepare an abstract
- The student’s name will be mentioned in a future publication
- The student will have the opportunity to present the results together with the supervisor at a conference
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Skills required, level of studies, legal limitations : - Have the required knowledge about the normal physiology; - Have a basic knowledge about the regulatory systems of the body, health, healthy lifestyle; - Be able to use a special scientific and reference literature on the evaluation of adaptation capabilities of the organism; - Have the skills to interpret the data obtained in the course of research work; - To be able to continue using mastered techniques (spirometry, electrocardiography, heart rate variability (HRV), and rheoencephalography rheovasography); - To be able to report about the results obtained at the student conference. Legal restrictions on the student's involvement in the project are not available.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
No
Hours
6
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
- Graduated students (less than 6 months)
Articles