Projects
Name
Exposure to secondhand smoke from waterpipes in shisha cafes in Barcelona
University
Catalonia (AECS) - University of Barcelona (UB)- Hospital de Bellvitge, Barcelona
Domain
Oncology
Departement
Tobacco Control Unit, WHO Collaborating Center for Tobacco Control, ICO
Head
Dr. Esteve Fernandez
Tutor
Dr. Esteve Fernandez, Dr. Marcela Fu
Languages
Required: English. Accepted: Spanish, Catalan, French, Italian, Arabic
Duration
4 weeks
Availability
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
yes yes yes yes yes yes yes No No yes yes yes
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project with Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Waterpipe use accounts for a significant and growing share of tobacco use globally. Misconceptions about the safety of waterpipe use have contributed greatly to its wide social and cultural acceptance and the observed sharp rise in its use. It is well documented that the tobacco used in waterpipe is as deadly as other tobacco products, causing a range of illnesses including cardiovascular diseases, different types of cancers, and respiratory and other illnesses. WHO has invited health authorities to include waterpipe tobacco products in surveillance systems and other relevant research, including consumers, products channels, on waterpipe use.
The aim of the project is to determine the levels of secondhand smoke in waterpipe bars in cafes in Barelona through the measurement of respirable particles (PM2.5) and nicotine in air.
The used techniques include measuremnt of concentrations of particle matter of less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) in air bymeans of a SidePak AM250 Monitor. Measurement of airborne nicotine (collection of samples and analysis by GC/GS). Statistical methods for data analysis, including descriptive and multivariate techniques.
What is the aim of the project?
To determine the levels of secondhand smoke in waterpipe bars in cafés in Barelona through the measurement of respirable particles (PM2.5) and nicotine in air.
What techniques and methods are used?
Measuremnt of concentrations of particle matter of less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) in air bymeans of a SidePak AM250 Monitor. Measurement of airborne nicotine (collection of samples and analysis by GC/GS). Statistical methods for data analysis, including descriptive and multivariate techniques.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The student will: 1) prepare a short protocol after literature review, 2) collaborate with a researcher in the collection of samples (field work in 25 shisha cafés); 3) collaborate in sample preparation and chemical analysis (extraction of nicotine and GC/GS); 4) statistical analysis and preparation of results; and 5) with the collaboration of tutor, writing of a draft article
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Training course on the techniques to obtain PM2.5 and nicotine measurements (operation of instruments for field work and lab techniques)
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a poster
- The student’s name will be mentioned in a future publication
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
The student is expected to have basic knowledge of both statistical and epidemiological methods. The student will write a brief report about his/her experiences during the stay at the Unit (different from the scientific report)
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
No
Hours
6
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
- Graduated students (less than 6 months)
- Pre-Medical students from the American-British system
- Students in biomedical fields
Articles
- http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25480544
- http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21659449
- http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22870289
- http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23100458