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[Sousse]Community based intervention for Chronic Disease Risk Factors Prevention
Tunisia (ASSOCIA-MED) - University of Sousse/ Faculty of Medecine of Sousse, Sousse
Department of Epidemiology ? Farhat Hached university hospital of Sousse, Tunisia
Pr. Hassen Ghannem
Pr. Hassen Ghannem / Dr. Jihene Maatoug
English ? French ? Arabic
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Tunisia is now facing an epidemiological transition. This change is reflected by a decrease in total mortality, increase in life expectancy, and adoption of lifestyles associated with chronic Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs), including diabetes and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). As a matter of fact, CVD are the leading cause of death in Tunisia and chronic disease risk factors are rapidly increasing with a high prevalence of hypertension and diabetes among the adult population, affecting 29 percent and 10 percent,respectively. Three common and preventable risk factors (tobacco use, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity ) play a dominant role in the development of major chronic diseases. An urgent need exists for feasible and cost-effective intervention programs directed toward reducing these behavioral risk factors at the community level.
What is the aim of the project?
Determine the effectiveness, feasibility, and necessary cultural adaptations of evidence-based interventions directed at tobacco use, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity in adults and children. - Develop a model for implementing, monitoring, and assessing sustainable comprehensive community -interventions in Tunisia and across North Africa and the Middle East in countries with similar socioeconomic and cultural situations.
What techniques and methods are used?
-Pre assessment of lifestyle habits of schoolchildren, workers and adults in Sousse, Tunisia. -The intervention is based in the delegation of Sousse -Jawhara and Sousse Riadh with promotion of healthy diet and physical activity and fight against tobacco use from 2010 to September 2013. The control group didn’t have any specific intervention. -Post assessment after the intervention of lifestyle habits of schoolchildren, workers and adults in Sousse, Tunisia.
What is the role of the student?
- The tasks will be done under supervision
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The project is actually in the stage of data analysis. The student is supposed to participate in this phase. He/she will have training on literature search, basic data analysis and how to prepare an oral presentation. After this training, the student will work on the database to analyse data according to a specific aim that will be fixed with his tutor. Then he/she will present these data and discuss them according to the litterature.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
Yes, if the student is not familiar with data analysis and biostatistics, readings or lectures would be provided.
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a presentation
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
- A white coat is obligatory for this clinical research project. - There are approximately 6 hours of work per day required. - We insist on the motivation and reliability of the exchange student participating in this research project. - The exchange students participating in this project should already have a global theoretical background about the topic of this research project.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts: - Medical students - Graduated students (less than 6 months) - Pre-Medical students from the American-British system
- Effectiveness of a community based intervention program to reduce hypertension prevalence among adults in the region of Sousse; Tunisia: results of a pre post quasi experimental study with control group Sahli J; Maatoug J; Harrabi I; Ben Fredj S; Dendana E; Ghannem H. Global Heart 2016 Mar;11(1):131-7.
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