Facial Growth in Old Un-operated Patients with Cleft Palate (Sohag University)
Egypt (IFMSA-Egypt) - Sohag University, Sohag
General Surgery
Plastic Surgery Department, Sohag University, 82524 Sohag, Egypt
Prof. Samia Saied
Dr.Usama Bakry
4 weeks
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes No No No
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project with Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?
Cleft lip and palate is one of the most common congenital anomalies. The aim of this research project is to answer a very important question, the reason of facial growth restriction in cleft palate patients. The causes mentioned is the intrinsic tissue deficiency, the repair of cleft palate in infant which affect the bone leading to that growth restriction. In developed countries all clefts are repaired at the infancy period. In the mid-South of Egypt, where lots of rule countries take place in Egypt, there is a great opportunity to examine cases of cleft palate reaching the puberty without repairing their clefts.
What is the aim of the project?
The aim of this research project is to study facial growth restriction in cleft palate patients.
What techniques and methods are used?
This study will be conducted of free surgical mission where it is expected to examine about 300 case and operate about 150 cases during the mission period. The study will include data collection before and after operations by radiological examination mostly. Observations and variations will be noted and compared to the control and the hypothesis.
What is the role of the student?
- The student will mainly observe
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks will be done under supervision
- If the project includes “lab work”
- the student will take active part in the practical aspect of the project
- If the project is clinical
- the student will be allowed to work with patients
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
After the exchange period the student should have gathered information about the facial (abnormal) growth in the unoperated cleft palate patients, the basics of the medical research and methodology, and some statistics regarding the incidence of the cleft lip palate in Sohag, Egypt. The student is expected to participate in different steps of the research including spending time in the plastic surgery clinic for data collection. -The student will write down all the above mentioned steps in his/her logbook to be signed by the tutors at the end of each shift. -At the end of the clerkship the student will make a conclusion according to the statistical studies they had already made through the whole month to evaluate the whole project and prepare a scientific report.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- The student will prepare a scientific report
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Student should be minimally in a clinical years of under graduation of medical school

For the use of students considering participating in the project, further information can be found from the following articles:
Search cephalometry; cleft palate. Please contact us to send you important articles.
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
- Bakri S.; Rizell S.; Lilja J.; Mark H. Vertical maxillary growth after two different surgical protocols in unilateral cleft lip and palate patients. The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal. 2014;51(6):645–650. doi: 10.1597/13-122
- Watkins; SE; Meyer; RE; Strauss; RP; Aylsworth; AS (April 2014). "Classification; epidemiology; and genetics of orofacial clefts". Clinics in plastic surgery. 41 (2): 149–63. doi:10.1016/j.cps.2013.12.003. PMID 24607185.