Multi - Factorial sports medical approach in monitoring and evaluating the training process of professional soccer players
Macedonia (MMSA) - St. Cyril and Methodius, Skopje
Institute of medical and applied Physiology and Antropology
Prof. d-r Sanja Manchevska
Prof. d-r Beti Dejanova, Prof. d-r Jasmina Pluncevikj-Gligoroska
English, Macedonian
4 weeks
Cities/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Augt Sep Oct Nov Dec
No No No No No No Yes Yes No No No No
Type of Research Project
- Clinical Project without Laboratory work
What is the background of the project?

This project includes 30 professional soccer players, folowing them up through a competition season of 5 months. They are included in testing procedure three times in competition season: at the beginning of condition phase, at the end of pre-competition phase, and at the end of competition phase.
What is the aim of the project?
The aims of the project are: a promotion of an approach in monitoring the training process of professional soccer players, with evaluating some cardio vascular, hormonal and biochemical parameters, detection of parameters that are connected with status of overreaching or overtraining.
What techniques and methods are used?
These procedures and methods are used:
? antropological measurements: determination of body composition, muscle, bone, fat and lean body mass index as parameters of nutritional status
? functional testing: through maximal incremental Bruce protocol, VO2 max and HR (heart rate) on every stage determinated
? lactate mesaurements: blood capillary samples on every stage of incremental test are tacking and lactate blood concentration are determinated with lactate blood analyser Accutrend
? hematological parameters: with tacking venous blood samples before and after maximal incremental testing, WBC, RBC, HGB, PLT, %LYM, %MON, and %GRA are determinated
? hormonal investigation: with tacking venous blood samples before and after maximal incremental testing, ACTH, Cortisol and Testosteron determinated
? biochemical parameters: with tacking venous blood samples before and after maximal incremental testing, free radicals, K+, CK and feritin determinated
? 2 days after this testing, with Conconi tredmill procedure and polar HR monitoring system (Hr and speed), Anaerobic threshold (AnT) is determinated

to control and evaluate professional soccer training process and find out the earliest signs of overreaching and overtraining
What is the role of the student?
- The student will observe the practical experiments but will be highly involved in the analysis of the results
- The tasks will be done under supervision
- The tasks of the student will be performed on his/her own
What are the tasks expected to be accomplished by the student?
The student is expected to analyze the results and data gathered from the sportsman.
Will there be any theoretical teaching provided (preliminary readings, lectures, courses, seminars etc)
What is expected from the student at the end of the research exchange? What will be the general outcome of the student?
- No specific outcome is expected
What skills are required of the student? Is there any special knowledge or a certain level of studies needed?
Knowledge in Physiology and Anatomy
Are there any legal limitations in the student’s involvement
Type of students accepted
This project accepts:
- Medical students
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