Uzbekistan Phenomenon
Uzbek, Russian
English, Russian
(GMT+05:00) Islamabad, Karachi, Tashkent
Uzbekistani som
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Uzbekistan (Phenomenon) - Tashkent

Laura Bekmullina

Uzbekistan is a Central Asian nation and former Soviet republic. It's known for its mosques, mausoleums and other sites linked to the Silk Road, the ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean.  Those who prefer ancient history may have heard of UNESCO World Heritage cities like Khiva, Bukhara, and Samarkand.

Uzbek food is a lot of things. It’s hearty, heavy, and fatty, yet healthy at the same time. Everything in the country is farm-to-table. The meat you eat there was likely butchered earlier that day and the fruits and vegetables tend to be locally-sourced. The food is almost never frozen, so it’s literally as fresh at it comes. It’s also organic.


Today in Uzbekistan, high-quality medical services are provided in specialized scientific and practical medical centers in the areas of cardiology, surgery, eye microsurgery, urology, therapy and medical rehabilitation, endocrinology, pulmonology and phthisiology, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics and others.

Due to the efficient functioning of the healthcare system, from 1991 to 2017, the overall mortality rate decreased by 20%, maternal mortality - 3.7 times, infant mortality - 3.1 times. Life expectancy increased by 4.7 years and amounted to 73.8 years (men - 71.4, women - 76.2).

The introduction of a complex of preventive, anti-epidemic and sanitary-hygienic measures to combat infectious diseases has provided full protection against cases of especially dangerous infections (plague, cholera), polio, diphtheria, tetanus of newborns, local cases of malaria, measles and rubella. World Health Organization certificates on elimination of wild polio strain (2002), measles and rubella (2017), malaria (2018)


After Uzbekistan gained independence, major reforms in the field of medical education were launched, as in other areas, has been developed a new national curriculum and, according to this curriculum, the medical school was reformed into 2 levels of training for General practitioners and masters (bachelor and master). Currently in medical schools 6 years of training for becoming a General practitioner are defined.

Due to the ongoing reforms in the country in the field of education in accordance with the requirements of the market economy to create high-quality personnel, special attention is paid to the training of qualified physicians. Over the years of independence, the number of medical institutions has increased. Before Independence, their number reached three in our country, and now 9 with three branches. The effectiveness and quality of the educational process has always been the focus of attention of the Institute since its inception.


The most convenient way to get to Uzbekistan is by plane.

The flight schedule of the NAC “Uzbekistonkhavoyullari” is available

Domestic flights connect almost all major cities of the country with Tashkent.

International trains run regularly through Uzbekistan. Train timetables are available

Tickets can be bought at the ticket office of railway stations


Visiting UNESCO World Heritage sites, Gastrotourism and others. A list of touristic places, touristic contacts and more info will be provided for students


When you travel to Uzbekistan, you’ll probably want the city of Tashkent to serve as your home base. Located in the northeastern part of the country, Tashkent is Uzbekistan’s capital and largest city. It’s also an ancient city that boasts well over 2,200 years of history. During that time, the city was influenced by a variety of cultures and religions and faced destruction more than once. It even survived a visit from one of history’s most brutal conquerors, Genghis Khan. Visitors to the city should also visit Telyashayakh Mosque, the home of the oldest extant Quran in the world. The 15th-century Yunus Khan Mausoleum is also worth a visit, as is the Amir Timur Museum. The museum houses exhibits about Amir Timur, a Turco-Mongol Persianate conquerer and the founder of the Timurid Empire. No visit to Tashkent is complete without a stop at Kukeldash Madrasah, a medieval, yellow-brick madrasa that was built around 1570. During its history, it has also served as an inn where caravaners could rest during their travels, a fortress, and a museum. It’s one of the few religious locations in Tashkent not demolished by the 1966 earthquake. Without question, this magnificent madrasa is one of the top places you must visit in Uzbekistan!


In southeastern Uzbekistan, you’ll find the city of Samarkand. The area where the city now stands has been inhabited since the Paleolithic Era. Though there is no concrete evidence as to when Samarkand was founded, the city is known as one of the oldest continuously-inhabited cities in Central Asia. According to some archaeologists, Samarkand dates back to the 7th– or 8th century BC. Alexander the Great and his forces seized Samarkand in 329 BC, back when the city was known as Marakanda. Iranian and Turkic rulers had control of the city until Genghis Khan and the Mongols conquered it in 1220. In the 14th century, Samarkand became the capital of the Timurid Empire. It’s also where the empire’s founder, Amir Timur, is buried. His mausoleum, the Guri Amir, is considered the template for other Mughal architecture tombs that came after it. 


Traveling to Uzbekistan is absolutely safe and has a very relaxed atmosphere even for solo travelers who often find their solo trip quite rewarding. April to May and September to November is the best time of the year to visit Uzbekistan. During this time you can enjoy the warm and dry climate which is quite pleasant and does not get uncomfortable. There is no particular dress code to follow in Uzbekistan but the conservative dressing is very much appreciated.

Some of the fun things to do in Uzbekistan are:
1. Explore Uzbekistan’s History at Gur-e-Amir
2. Enjoy sightseeing at Sher Dor Madrasa
3. Check Out Mosques And Madrasas at Registan
4. Shop For Handicrafts in Tashkent
5. Dig into the most delicious Pilau at Plov Center

Some of the must-buys in Uzbekistan are:
1. Ceramics.
2. Wood carvings.
3. Ikat fabrics -Uzbek textiles.
4. Embroidery.
5. Samarkand paper.
6. Puppet.
7. Miniature paintings.
8. Metal art – engravings and jewelry


Important phone numbers –

  • Emergency service – 112
  • Fire service – 101
  • Healthcare emergency – 103
  • Emergency gas service – 104
  • Rescue service – 1050
  • Inquiry office – 109


Telephone, mobile phones - Today there are 5 mobile operators in Uzbekistan: Beeline Uzbekistan, Ucell, Perfectum Mobile, UzMobile, and UMS. At the same time Beeline Uzbekistan, UMS and Ucell provide ordinary GSM communication, and Perfectum Mobile and UzMobile CDMA standard. You can connect to them both in the offices of mobile companies and in PAYNET (national mobile payment) points, which are located in all public places of the Republic. Connection to operators providing CDMA communication is carried out in the offices of the companies. To connect to them, you must provide a passport and registration of the residence. Also, in many airports, bus stations and other public places of the country you can buy a tourist SIM card with a special tariff, which includes a favorable and convenient package with minutes for communication and package for Internet access. To purchase a tourist SIM card, it is enough to have a passport. You can replenish your account at Paynet points, ATMs installed in the country, as well as with the help of national and international payment systems.

Bank and cash machines/ATM- Payment by international credit cards can be made mainly in large restaurants, hotels. In shops, catering places and local transport, payment is usually made in cash Uzbek sums. Money from an international credit card can be cashed at an ATM located in airports, hotels and other tourist facilities throughout the country. In Uzbekistan, you can easily cash US dollars from international plastic cards Visa and MasterCard. The number of ATMs is constantly increasing not only in the capital, but also in other regions of the country. You can exchange American dollars, euros, British pounds and Japanese yens for Uzbek sums at exchange offices that are installed in banks, airports, hotels and other tourist facilities of the country. Dollars can be exchanged for Uzbek sums at any currency exchange point, which are located in all public places.

Drugs, alcohol, smoking – Drugs are forbidden by law. Alcohol is a part of the culture and day to day life for most people of Uzbekistan. So you are free to drink alcohol and can find them being served in most of the restaurants and hotels. Also there is another culture in our country. Hookah-pipe. You can enjoy it almost everywhere.

Electricity For Uzbekistan there are two associated plug types, types C and F. Plug type C is the plug which has two round pins and plug type F is the plug which has two round pins with two earth clips on the side. Uzbekistan operates on a 220V supply voltage and 50Hz.