The outcomes of the research for the student will be publication of scientific article in «Eastern European Scientific Journal», a poster presentation, and co-authorship on any future papers, video report. The student needs to make a scientific report for a student conference. Nowaday, we have 4 research projects. One of the newest research project is a project on Biophysics and Medical Physics discipline "Assessment of influence of physical load on the main hemodynamic indicators of medical students". With the help of these research projects, you will conduct research, experiments to expand existing knowledge and gain new. It will give you a wonderful and unforgettable experience!
Since becoming independent, Kazakhstan has undertaken major efforts in reforming its post-Soviet health system. Two comprehensive reform programmes were developed in the 2000s: the National Programme for Health Care Reform and Development 2005-2010 and the State Health Care Development Programme for 2011-2015 Salamatty Kazakhstan.
Changes in health service provision included a reduction of the hospital sector and an increased emphasis on primary health care. However, inpatient facilities continue to consume the bulk of health financing. Partly resulting from changing perspectives on decentralization, levels of pooling kept changing. After a spell of devolving health financing to the rayon level in 2000-2003, beginning in 2004 a new health financing system was set up that included pooling of funds at the oblast level, establishing the oblast health department as the single-payer of health services. Since 2010, resources for hospital services under the State Guaranteed Benefits Package have been pooled at the national level within the framework of implementing the Concept on the Unified National Health Care System.
Kazakhstan has also embarked on promoting evidence-based medicine and developing and introducing new clinical practice guidelines, as well as facility-level quality improvements. However, key aspects of health system performance are still in dire need of improvement. One of the key challenges is regional inequities in health financing, health care utilization and health outcomes, although some improvements have been achieved in recent years. Despite recent investments and reforms, however, population health has not yet improved substantially.
In Kazakhstan, ownership of the health care system is mainly in public hands.
The public hospitals share of total hospital capacity has remained relatively stable (about 70%) for decades. There are also privately owned for-profit hospitals as well as government hospitals in some locations, mainly owned by county and city governments.
Medical education in Kazakhstan is carried out in public and private universities, colleges, research institutes and scientific centers. People can study on a higher education (after the secondary education) which is based on a three-stage system of Bachelor’s degrees, Master’s degrees and Doctorates.
Bachelor's degree is 5 years, during the five years of the standard medical program, students are required first to take basic medical science courses. The graduate who completed the training is given a diploma on completing higher education with the qualification "doctor", and a certificate of completion of the internship with admission to self-practice as a general practitioner or a hygienist epidemiologist. The subjects of the graduate's professional activity are:
- provision of qualified medical assistance to the adult and children's population in the most common diseases of internal organs;
- provision of specialized medical assistance in the form of primary health care;
- organization and conduct of sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic activities;
- planning of scientific research and development of pedagogical skills;
Internship's degree is 2 years.
Residency's degree is 2-3 years for medical education.
The transportation structure of the republic is represented by railway, air, sea, river and pipeline transport as well as its network of roads.
Transport in Kazakhstan is of paramount importance. The huge territory of the country (2.7 million km²), low population density, disunity of industrial and agricultural centers, and remoteness from world markets make the development of a developed transportation system vital for Kazakhstan.
The majority of freight is transported by railway. Kazakhstan railways transport provide over 57% of the country's passenger flow. The length of railways in Kazakhstan exceeds 15 thousand km. 16 border points (11 with Russia, 2 with Uzbekistan, 1 with Kyrgyzstan, 2 with China) connect the railway system of Kazakhstan with neighboring states.
In Kazakhstan, there are 22 major airports, of which 14 serve international transportation. The largest airline in Kazakhstan is Air Astana.
Sea and river transport
The length of the waterways of Kazakhstan, open for navigation, is 3982 km. Waterways suitable for navigation are the rivers Irtysh, Syrdarya, Ural and Kigach, Ili and Ishim (from the Petropavlovsk reservoir), Bukhtarminsky, Ust-Kamenogorsk, Shulbinsky, Kapchagai reservoirs, Balkhash and Zaisan lakes.
Through the Caspian Sea, Kazakhstan is connected with Russia, Iran, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan. Through the rivers and the channel network of Russia with the Black and Baltic Seas and further with the countries of Western Europe.
Kazakhstan is very large county. We can not promise that you can visit all places which you must to see!))
You must to see:
- Astana city (capital city)
- Almaty city (old capital city)
- Borovoe (resort zone)
- Zhasybay (resort zone)
- Karkaraly (resort zone)
- Caspian sea
- Turkistan city (spiritual city)
and other places...
Kazakh culture is a very big part of their heritage, a way of respecting guests and of celebrating. When sitting down to eat with a Kazakh family one can be sure of two things: There will be more than enough food to eat, and there will be meat, possibly of different types. Kazakhs are both very traditional and superstitious. As Muslims, Kazakhs do not eat pork. Kazakhs also have great respect for bread. It should never be wasted or thrown away and should always be placed on the table right side up.
Today's Kazakhstan is a modern culture. The traditional Kazakh lifestyle has blended with influences from Western societies, as well as those from Kazakhstan's Russian and Chinese neighbors.
Each year Kazakh artisans participate in the “Sheber” competition. The competition is part of the program "Development of crafts and the revival of folk arts and crafts in Kazakhstan", which began in 2006 to increase the competitiveness of Kazakh artisans’ products domestically and internationally. This program is conducted by the Union of Artisans of Kazakhstan, “Chevron,” the Eurasia Foundation of Central Asia, Kazakh Ministry of Culture and Information and the UNESCO Cluster Office in Almaty.
In September 2006, the government announced that it is funding distribution of a multimillion-dollar movie called "Nomad", about the new-created by Kazakhstan government history of the nation. The movie started in 2003, and has been plagued with multiple development problems, finally released in 2006.
Kazakhstan has cultivated a strong interest in sports, physical education, and extracurricular activities. Kazakhstan has achieved some success in international competitions in weightlifting, ice hockey, and boxing. Kazakhstan won eight medals in the 2004 Summer Olympics, the largest tally for any nation in Central Asia.
Football is the most popular sport in Kazakhstan. The Football Federation of Kazakhstan (FFK) is the sport's national governing body. The FFK organises the men's, women's, and futsal national teams. The Kazakhstan Super League is the top-level competition for the sport in the country.