welcome To Algeria :D
Algeria is one of the largest countries in the world, extending over such a tremendous amount of geographical and climatic varieties that you'd feel like you have visited a whole continent. And it's not just about the nature because Algerian culture is even richer. Being influenced by many ethnic groups and civilizations that populated it, the Algerian heritage and traditions are so rich and unique. Diversity at its best! No room for boredom, only discoveries and fascination.
2 – Geographic setting and climate:
* The country is located in Northern Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea in north, Tunisia in northeast, Libya in east, Morocco in west, Western Sahara, Mauritania, and Mali in southwest, and by Niger in the southeast. Algeria is now Africa's largest country, covering an area of nearly 2.4 million km² Algeria has a population of almost 38 million people. About 90% of Algerians live in the northern, coastal area. Official language is Arabic, French is the language of the elite, Tamazight, and the language of the indigenous Berber has been constitutionally recognized as a national language. * In the summer months, temperatures in desert regions of Algeria can hit 50°C. But nights in the Sahara are often cold and in winter, temperatures can dip below freezing. The north of Algeria is cooler, enjoying a Mediterranean-style climate. Temperatures in Algiers average 26°C in July, though humidity can make the summer heat uncomfortable. In winter, average temperatures are around 12°C, but can drop right down, with snow common in certain highland regions. Africa isn’t known for its skiing resorts. But in Algeria, skiing is a key winter attraction in a few mountain areas, such as within the Chrea National Park.
Algeria's indigenous Berber people have been under foreign rule for much of the last 3000 years. The Phoenicians (1000 BC) and the Romans (200 BC) were the most important of these. With the incursion of Muslim Arabs in the 7th-8th century into the region, Islamic influence came to the Berbers and almost a millennium of domination by Arab dynasties.
In the beginning of the 16th century the region was placed under protection of the Ottoman Sultan of Istanbul, followed by reigns of Ottoman beys, pachas, and aghas, brought to an end with the beginning of the French colonization in 1830.
The French occupation condemned Algeria's population to economic, social and political inferiority and caused an armed resistance lasting for decades. After a century of rule by France, Algeria became independent in 1962 and Arabic became official language - with a little help of Quran teachers from Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Since then le pouvoir ("the power"), elite of business leaders and generals behind a democratic façade has run Algeria.
When Algeria gained its independence in 1962, there were only around 300 doctors across the whole country and no proper system of healthcare.
Over the next few decades, great progress was made in building up the health sector, with the training of doctors and the creation of many health facilities.
Today, Algeria has an established network of hospitals (including university hospitals), clinics, medical centers and small health units or dispensaries. While equipment and medicines may not always be the latest available, staffing levels are high and the country has one of the best healthcare systems in Africa. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Algeria had nearly 41,000 doctors and 66,000 nurses and midwives working in its health sector between 2000-2010 and the Health expenditure has been increasing in recent years, with the government spending over 10% of its overall budget on healthcare (WHO 2008).
So Algeria now has a well-run health care system which is free of charge for poor people. About 90 percent of the population had access to medical care, and only in remote rural areas people have difficulties reaching health care services.
all airports are close to downtowns and you'll be accompanied from the airport to the housing structure
For the intrepid traveler, adventure awaits in Algeria . A beguiling blend of cultures, landscapes and traditions, this vast chunk of land contains everything from tranquil fishing ports and bustling cities to the unmatched drama of the Sahara Desert and Hoggar Mountains. There are so many things to see, As the largest country in Africa,, that it would be impossible to see everything. Anyway, you cannot reasonably leave Algeria without having visited some several UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Algeria such as:
Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad: the first capital of the Hammadid empire.
Tipasa: a Phoenician and later Roman town.
Djémila and Timgad: both Roman ruins.
M'Zab Valley: a limestone valley containing a large urbanized oasis
Casbah of Algiers: is an important citadel.
The Tassili n'Ajjer: a mountain range (Natural heritage).
the test Garden Hamma
way of the tourists constantine
The Algerian musical genre best known abroad is raï, a pop-flavoured, opinionated take on folk music, featuring international stars such as Khaled and Cheb Mami. In Algeria itself, raï remains the most popular, but the older generations still prefer shaabi while the tuneful melodies of Kabyle music, exemplified by Idir, Ait Menguellet, or Lounès Matoub, also have a wide audience. For more classical tastes, Andalusi music, brought from Al-Andalus by Morisco refugees, is preserved in many older coastal towns .
2-traditional foods :
With its rich history, Algeria’s cuisine reflects a variety of cultural influences. Each Algerian region has its own specialty dishes but the national dish is couscous, steamed semolina wheat served with lamb or chicken, cooked vegetables, and gravy. This is so basic to the Algerian diet that its name in Arabic, ta’am, translates as "food." Common flavorings include onions, turnips, raisins, chickpeas, and red peppers, as well as salt, pepper, cumin, and coriander. Alternatively, couscous can be served sweet, flavored with honey, cinnamon, or almonds. Lamb also is popular, and often is prepared over an open fire and served with bread. This dish is called mechoui .Other common foods are Chorba ,a spicy soup ;dolma ,a mixture of tomatoes and peppers, and bourek ,a specialty of Algiers consisting of mincemeat with onions and fried eggs, rolled and fried in batter. Cakes are marketed and can be found in cities either in Algeria, in Europe or North America. However, traditional cakes are also made at home, following the habits and customs of each family. Among these cakes, there are Tamina, Chrik, Garn logzelles, Griouech, Kalb el-louz, Makroud, Mbardja, Mchewek, Samsa, Tcharak, Baghrir, Khfaf, Zlabia, Aarayech and Ghroubiya……
Many Algerians, especially in the cities, dress in modern Western-style clothing. Many others, however, dress in traditional clothes (Each region in Algeria has its own traditional costume). In general, Village men wear a burnous (a long, hooded robe) and baggy pants. Women wear a haik (a long piece of cloth draped over the entire body and head). The hijab (a long, loose dress and hair covering) is an Islamic garment worn by many women.
updated the 16/07/2018 at 20h46